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Adjusting to life after the Cold War
Kerry Longhurst

opposing political stances on the crucial issue of what Germany’s new security role should and could be. The legalistic debate centred around articles 24 (entry to a system of collective security) and 87a (defensive purposes or for any other explicitly outlined role only) of the Basic Law, which in the existing interpretation, as discussed in chapter 2, had codified the Bundeswehr’s role as limited to one of defence within NATO area only or for overtly humanitarian operations.13 The rupture of 1989–90 gave renewed political topicality to the issue of the spatial remit of

in Germany and the use of force
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

. Defence against invasion – defence of our vital interests: these are NATO’s essential tasks. But Europeans can and must respond to other demands in Europe and beyond: peace keeping, crisis management, humanitarian operations, sanctions enforcement.’65 The foregoing discussion shows that European national responses to the end of the Cold War were conditioned by the highly institutionalised European environment. Not only that, but European governments promoted ‘institutionalisation’, albeit in different forms (adaptation, reform, consolidation, etc.). This, however, does

in Theory and reform in the European Union