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Towards Specialised Services?
Christopher T. Marsden

. In order to properly research this claim, regulators need access to IAP traffic measurement data. There are several possible means of accessing data at Internet Exchange Points, but much data is private either because it is between two peers who do not use an Internet Exchange Point, or because it is carried by a CDN. 5 No government regulator has produced any reliable data, and carriers’ and CDNs’ own

in Network neutrality
Vaccine policy and production in Japan
Julia Yongue

reason for Japan's distinctive vaccination policies is the long history of outside influences on its institutional framework. German, and more recently, American contacts have had a profound effect on Japan's most fundamental regulatory institutions as well as other features such as regulators’ preference for full self-sufficiency in vaccines and domestically developed strains. Another area where Japan remains distinctive is regulators’ approach

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Oonagh McDonald

obligations to federal and state governments, as well as regulators at each level of government. This mosaic of rules and regulations, and the various authorities and mechanisms by which they are implemented and enforced, make for an environment of frequent change and evolution. 1 That is certainly an understatement. The patchwork leads to confusion. It is entirely unclear which set of rules takes precedence over the others, where they conflict or appear to conflict. To an outsider that is a

in Lehman Brothers
Open Access (free)
Mark B. Brown

range of issues and types of participants in only some respects, while restricting them in others. Chapter 10, by Sarah Hartley and Adam Kokotovich, challenges the standard view of risk governance by disaggregating the riskassessment stage into different components. The authors argue that public involvement is necessary whenever regulators make choices about values, and they identify a need for value-laden choices in three components of risk assessment: risk-assessment guidelines, the process of conducting risk assessments and the use of scientific studies within risk

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

should move to the Care Quality Commission, while its research licensing work and the functions of the HTA were to be absorbed by ‘a new super-regulator’.55 After the coalition approved the Rawlins report in its March 2011 budget, it announced that this super-regulator would be a new Health Research Authority, which was established in December 2011 and began work on creating ‘a unified approval process’ for biomedical research (after concerted appeals, the HFEA was ultimately saved from this ‘bonfire of the quangos’ in 2013).56 The government’s ‘simplification’ of the

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
Oonagh McDonald

meeting at 7.15 am New York time, Diamond had discovered problems with its regulators, the Financial Services Authority (FSA). Less than an hour later, Diamond and Varley informed Geithner, Christopher Cox and Paulson that they had just discovered that the FSA would not support the deal. Barclays, Paulson pointed out, had assured them that they were keeping in touch with their regulators. Subsequently, Geithner and Cox conferred with Callum McCarthy, then the FSA chairman, who provided a cautious statement of the FSA's position. The FSA had neither approved nor

in Lehman Brothers
Richard Parrish

principles of the four freedoms to be undermined. The belief system of the sociocultural coalition is held together by the logic of positive integration and a commitment to the socio-cultural model of sports regulation. Sport possesses social and cultural characteristics which necessitates a soft touch application of law. Furthermore, the market-based definition of sport adopted by the Single Market regulators conflicts with the socio-cultural coalition’s concern to develop a people’s Europe. Membership of the two advocacy coalitions is wide. The term ‘actor’ refers to

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Frontier patterns old and new
Philip Nanton

controlling the illegal migration of 1874 could easily be mistaken for that of a twenty-first-century regulator of illegal trafficking. In his dispatches he noted: ‘The existence of these scattered islands with sheltered harbors stretching from St Vincent to Grenada make[s]‌ it difficult to keep control over the Grenadines trade and hence the movement of vessels there.’ 6 Many Leeward and Windward Islanders

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Open Access (free)
Thom Davies

, may be won and lost by the crunch of code. If data is the new oil, when it comes to actual pollution, data also plays a vital role. The pollution data produced by multinational companies and environmental regulators is often at odds with the lived experience of frontline communities. In response, environmental justice activists have often attempted to record their own data about toxic hazards using a gamut of citizen science techniques. This is especially important considering that the burden of proof of DAVIES & MAH 9781526137029 PRINT.indd 237 08/06/2020 15

in Toxic truths
Richard Parrish

preferred although sensitive to the need for socio-cultural integration. Policy core beliefs: Acknowledgment that sport is not above the law. Nevertheless, sport possesses social and cultural characteristics which merit a soft touch application of law. Secondary aspects: Belief in the socio-cultural model of sports regulation. Differences over the precise relationship between sport and the EU exist, indicating that the coalition is a ‘coalition of convenience’. Actors Actors Pragmatic Single Market regulators: Competition Policy Directorate and the ECJ are primary

in Sports law and policy in the European Union