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Purchasing, consumption and innovation
Ken Green, Barbara Morton, and Steve New

been established for the marketing–R&D interchange, whether about environmental issues or about other issues (price, quality, etc.). Thirdly, there is the ability of any R&D department to respond to requests to attend to environmental issues. As we have already mentioned, the examples we have examined have shown that the environmental signals that the organisations receive often Greening organisations 145 come from customers or regulators. Even so, environmental signals from regulators are often the result of legislation affecting customers as users; only a few

in Innovation by demand
Open Access (free)
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

– is controlled by a series of regulations aimed at preventing water, air and soil pollution. Regulatory pressure creates corporate attention, which represents the first step towards any conscious climate strategy. Pressure further induces unilateral company targets as well as abatement efforts. Neglecting regulation exposes oil companies to economic risks. A proactive strategy may reduce this risk: ‘the more the oil industry opts for a ‘wait and see’ approach, the more it is likely to attract the attention of regulators’ (Estrada et al., 1997: 16). Thus, companies

in Climate change and the oil industry
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

, Johannes Sumarlin – who at the time was also a member of Bapindo’s board of commissioners (Habir 1999). Regulators and central bank supervisors were also involved in fraud and collusion. However, instead of closing down or restructuring the bank, the government allowed the bank to continue to operate. Also, only bank officers (but not the managers) were punished for corruption. Similarly, in the case of commercial paper issued by PT Bank Pacific, PT Bank Arta Prima and PT Bank Perniagaan, only four supervisors of Bank Indonesia were arrested in early August 1997 for

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
Naomi Chambers and Jeremy Taylor

people's experiences of care? The stories we share in this book present a mix of both good and bad experiences of care. Official data and assessments paint a similar, varied picture. The annual State of Care report published by the health and care regulator the Care Quality Commission is a case in point. In its report for 2019/2020 (CQC, 2020a ) the Care Quality Commission assesses most of the care it sees in England as of good quality but also highlights a number of continuing concerns that predate the COVID-19 pandemic: The

in Organising care around patients
Open Access (free)
Which technologies are improved, and how?
Roslyn Kerr

the technological innovations utilised in motor sport, including ‘the teams, their sponsors, the television companies, and the regulators of motor sport’. For example, they describe how the sponsors are torn by the desire to make the sport more exciting while also keeping it safe. The pressure to keep sponsors happy results in those involved directly in the sport feeling that it is external bodies without any technical knowledge of motor sport who end up directing the trajectory of innovations. For example, it is

in Sport and technology
The quest for the right to science
Marco Cappato

place for EU-funded research, including that we will not fund the destruction of embryos. (European Commission 2014) The scientific community, the regulators and civil society organisations may have been caught unprepared for ‘cloning’, but it is likely that the farraginous regulatory systems in place, both nationally and internationally, often guided by ideologies and dogmas rather than by dispassionate reasoning, may have set back scientific advancement and research. The therapeutic potentials of human cloning are well known, and were already disseminated soon

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Jenny Edkins

conducting the recovery of remains, and a mortuary set up ‘in the court’s back yard’. Since the closure of the Forensic Science Service in 2012, forensic work is contracted out to private companies, who benefit from the escalating search for DNA evidence supplanting other forms of identification.70 There is a forensic science regulator, but without powers to enforce quality standards, and there are concerns that, with budget cuts, the police are increasingly using their own laboratories which do not necessarily have full accreditation. The Metropolitan Police outsource

in Change and the politics of certainty
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

: 10, emphasis in original). In devising their own pesticide use plan, the Sherman Hollow management team consulted a number of authorities, including a hydrogeologist, toxicologist, agronomist, and environmental scientists. In a sign of how regulators would come to see pesticide usage on golf courses, the EPA was also enlisted to help with the operation of IPM (Grant, 1987a ). Apart from specific initiatives of this kind, the rise of IPM was accompanied by – and perhaps itself inspired

in The greening of golf
Open Access (free)
Environmental managerialism and golf’s conspicuous exemption
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

Cosmetic Pesticides Ban Act becomes relevant. The basic principle by which provinces and municipalities must abide is that legislation may further restrict, but never relax, the permitted uses of a product according to federal regulators. As Boyd writes, “All provinces have laws governing the sale, use, transportation, storage, and disposal of pesticides, as well as emergencies such as spills” (Boyd, 2003 : 123). He adds that for industrial uses, sellers and applicators are often required to obtain

in The greening of golf
Phil Almond

for mobile investment (Jessop, 2004). Countries – but also cities, subnational regions and, to an extent, supranational trade blocs  – engage in competition to attract private-sector investment. More broadly, policy decisions are inflected by efforts to develop or maintain international or global ‘competitiveness’ (Pedersen, 2010), influenced not only by flows of capital but also by the active agency of transnational regulators. In other words, the contemporary international organisation of production and the nature of state regulation are intricately intertwined

in Making work more equal