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Barbara L. Allen

participatory science, science where citizens are more than simply observers or data collectors but are involved in the development of science from start to finish, will be a powerful tool for implementing their choices (Allen 2017, 2018). The strongest science in terms of usefulness and efficacy for local residents is the science that they want to have for answering questions about their environments and their health. This is the knowledge that would enable them to make decisions about their families or pressure policy makers, regulators, and elected officials to do the

in Toxic truths
Racism, immigration and the state
Steve Loyal

ethnicity. This conscience collective is a continual object of struggle, since real-life experiences contradict, on a daily basis, the imaginary of national myth.43 The hegemonic sense of Irish identity established during the 1920s and 1930s has been severely challenged by the rise of the Celtic Tiger. The two main pillars and regulators of Irish identity and conservatism since the foundation of the state – the Catholic Church and Fianna Fáil44 – have both been partly undermined by economic growth and various media discourses referring to clerical and political scandal.45

in The end of Irish history?
Leslie Haddon

document lamenting the limited role still played by potential users. The following observations, drawn especially from some recent examples 152 Innovation by demand of writings on this theme, provide a background to the later discussion of ICT innovation. Potential users of innovations may be spoken for or represented by others in the design process who may be outside the innovating firms. Examples would include parents, paediatricians and drug regulators speaking for children as the end consumers of certain types of new medical drugs (Rose, 1999), women’s health

in Innovation by demand
Don Slater

the object is obviously not just a matter of signs or brands: these categorisations are established and stabilised, or destabilised, disputed and redefined – as well as diversely understood – by a bewildering range of voices and institutions: legal and governmental regulators; scientific and expert voices with variable degrees of accredited legitimacy; consumerist associations; businesses and trade associations, consumer constituencies. What differentiates today’s supermarket from the corn market of Smith’s day is a destabilisation that does not arise because goods

in Market relations and the competitive process
Open Access (free)
Relational reflexivity in the ‘alternative’ food movement
Jonathan Murdoch and Mara Miele

the food chain – production, processing, retailing and consumption. In short, the SA is a key regulator of organic quality in the UK.9 The catalyst for the SA’s formation was the publication in 1943 of Lady Eve Balfour’s The Living Soil. In it Balfour identified the importance of soil restoration and improvement and argued for an ‘organic’ approach to farming the land – that is, an approach with soil fertility at its heart. The book identified a number of problems with contemporary farming practice and alerted a group of influential scientists and activists to the

in Qualities of food
Open Access (free)
Mapping times
Alex Gekker, Sam Hind, Sybille Lammes, Chris Perkins, and Clancy Wilmott

the map user with them and bringing into being new mobile possibilities. Throughout that period, Google Maps rose to become the de facto mapping platform for millions around the world. Fighting off direct challenges from rival technology companies such as Yahoo, Microsoft and Apple (as well as from several regulators and government agencies), Google also contested interventions 4 Time for mapping from the likes of OpenStreetMap (OSM), and acquired an ever-growing number of technology start-ups from Waze to Skybox Imaging, to strengthen its position as the most

in Time for mapping
Kinneret Lahad

administrative rulings (ibid.). According to this perspective, conventional life-course patterns are in-and-ofthemselves social constructs, the consequence of a dominant discursive practice that functions as a core regulator of formal and informal social laws. Life-course models, as Gay Becker notably explains in her study on disrupted lives, serve as the basis for the development of cultural models of how life itself is conceptualized (Becker 1994, 386). One’s life course is often conceptualized in terms of a turning wheel, a flowing river, a life journey, or a life span

in A table for one
Open Access (free)
Exploring personalised cancer medicine
Anne Kerr, Choon Key Chekar, Emily Ross, Julia Swallow, and Sarah Cunningham-Burley

continuing to dissect the genomics [of cancer] we will come up with better treatments for specific subgroups of cancers which are genomically driven.’ Being hopeful is not just an activity for the cancer clinic or clinical trial, it is part of everyday life too, marking encounters with friends and family, charitable fundraising and popular culture, where stories of the triumphs and losses of cancer are ever present. Governments, institutions, organisations and companies together with scientists, healthcare practitioners, politicians, business people and regulators also

in Personalised cancer medicine
Natasha Feiner

women, the Bader Committee argued that the ‘home environment’ was essential for the emotional health of pilots and was particularly important to mitigate the effects of personal stress ‘leading to fatigue’. 69 Time at home had, the Bader Committee held, both physical and emotional benefits. To this end, pilot fatigue was transformed in regulatory discourse. Once framed in primarily physiological terms, by the 1970s the psychological and social pressures of commercial aviation were central to regulators’ understanding

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

process, which owes as much to agency as to conditioning’. See E. P.  Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2013) p. 8. 64 See also De Vries et al., ‘Social Science and Bioethics’. 65 Imber, ‘Medical Publicity before Bioethics’, p. 21. 66 Michael Moran, The British Regulatory State: High Modernism and Hyper-Innovation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). 67 Culliton and Waterfall, ‘Flowering of American Bioethics’, p. 1270. 68 Charlotte Santry, ‘Healthcare Regulator Longed for Government’s Embrace’, Health Service Journal, 12

in The making of British bioethics