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Analysing the linkages and exploring possibilities for improving health and wellbeing
Warren Smit

, Lyon and Potts, 2007 ). They ‘control the selling space and can therefore exclude others and have wider effects on the vegetable production and marketing system’ (Lyon, 2003 : 20). In Maputo, for example, ‘the market committees provide infrastructure (water, toilets, etc.), maintenance and security services, and organise cleaning in their respective markets … The committees also act as the principal regulators in the markets’ (Lindell, 2008 : 1889). Local governments also usually play a role in managing marketplaces, partially because trader fees can be a

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Elana Wilson Rowe

evolved to ‘address real world changes in the realm of oil and gas. However, the current assemblage of working groups, task forces, expert groups and bodies outside the Council (e.g., [The Arctic Offshore Regulators Forum]) that all have involvement in oil and gas issues presents a coordination challenge to the Council’ (3). In other words, the Council had produced a multitude of well-​founded, well-​researched recommendations on oil and gas, but the sheer number of recommendations and actors involved in producing them limited their practical usage in national

in Arctic governance
Paul Cammack

for the State to exercise a degree of autonomy, over capitalists and workers alike, in order to ensure as best it can that all act in ways compatible with the logic of capitalist accumulation. The State is to be reconstructed as a regulator and a support for markets, as, left to themselves, they breed crisis and instability. The claim that ‘[t]hird way politics is not a continuation of

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

devolution in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The question arises, is this in any meaningful sense, other than Morrison’s, ‘socialism’? Certainly, there is a role for the state as regulator, enabler and deliverer of social guidance, but not as owner . Equality is proclaimed but it is the equality of the ‘level playing field’: that is, equality of opportunity rather than equality of outcome

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

policy in particular. 2543Chap5 16/7/03 136 9:58 am Page 136 Climate change and the oil industry The US: conflict-oriented approach Confrontation between target groups and regulating agencies has been institutionalised in the US since the 1970s. When the EPA was established in 1970 to implement environmental legislation, Congress was concerned about ‘regulatory capture’, i.e. that the regulated would take control over the regulator. Legislators guarded against this by various means, which biased the EPA towards environmentalists rather than industrialists

in Climate change and the oil industry
Open Access (free)
The evolving international financial architecture
Shalendra D. Sharma

proposed the creation of a single super-regulator – an “international credit-rating agency” – with broad supervisory and regulatory powers over financial markets and institutions, including the capacity to enforce common prudential standards on financial institutions and monitor the performance of financial institutions and markets. Like Garten’s, Kaufman’s proposal is short on specifics. It does not spell out the standards or specify how greater transparency and riskmanagement would be enforced. What is clear is that no national government will be willing to cede so much

in The Asian financial crisis
The European Union and social democratic identity
Gerassimos Moschonas

:13:39 172 Responses to the crisis aspect of which is institutional and policy harmonisation) nor the function of political representation. Euro-parties remain, despite their clear reinforcement (mainly since the 1990s), essentially weak structures, an instance of ‘second-order parties’ (Heidar 2003: 3), hardly likely to function as a true political force in the near future. Moreover, this timidly rising actor (Bardi 2004) in the EU political system assumes neither the role of ‘spokesperson’ of the system of power in Europe nor the role of ‘regulator of meaning

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Tackling environmental injustice in a post-truth age
Thom Davies and Alice Mah

, ethnic minority and low-­income communities continue to be disproportionately burdened by toxic pollution (Bullard and Wright 2009; Pellow 2018). Environmental injustice appears wherever social inequality and pollution collide. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-­led citizen science. Polluted communities have faced uphill environmental justice battles against powerful corporations and state regulators to prove their cases of toxic exposure (Bullard 1990; Taylor 2014

in Toxic truths
David Barling

of consumers in relation to food’. Its key task was to ‘rebuild public trust’ in the Government’s handling of food safety (Krebs 2003a). The FSA was made accountable to the secretary of state at the Department of Health (DH). The close relationship between food producer and government department, where MAFF was both sponsor and regulator of the farming and agricultural supply industries, was broken. The FSA could claim to be free from the direct sponsorship of any sector of the food industry. It was established as an agency of the crown, with an arm’s length

in Qualities of food
Heather Shore

. Colquhoun, A Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis (London, C. Dilly, 1796), pp. 187–209. See also Beattie, Crime and the Courts, pp. 189–90; L. Radzinowicz, A History of the English Criminal Law: Vol. 3, The Reform of The Police (London, Stevens & Sons, 1956), pp. 71–3, 253. 95 C. Hitchen, The Regulator: or, a Discovery of the Thieves, Thief-takers, and Locks, Alias Receivers of Stolen Goods in and About the City of London . . . by a Prisoner in Newgate (London, W. Boreham, 1718). 96 McMullen, The Canting Crew, pp. 111–13, for these quotes see p. 111. 97 On the link

in The poor in England 1700–1850