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American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

represented America in so many different ways. US international expansion was not limited to the Caribbean and Pacific territories obtained in the Spanish–American War. In fact, the US population was ambivalent over the benefit of colonial occupation, as was the government, and most territories were released to their own management shortly after the conclusion of the Second World War.48 Despite the decline in US colonial presence, the US influence continued to spread through charitable aid and benevolence organisations. Ian Tyrrell suggests this was a distinctly American

in Colonial caring
An unexpected text in an unexpected place
Michelle Elleray

managerial time spent on discovering petty theft, and hardly a week passed without the summary dismissal of at least one dock labourer’. 11 Kiro thus finds himself inserted into a specific set of economic tensions between the opportunistic thief and the loss-fearing merchant. As their name signals, moreover, the economics of the West India Docks are integrally tied to a colonial history. Invoking a key region of the British Empire, the West India Docks were predicated on economic relations with the Caribbean, and were built to secure the financial interests of planters

in Worlding the south
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

)/Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie European and cross-national organisations ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific (states) CFSP Common Foreign and Security Policy COREPER Committee of Permanent Representatives CSCE Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe EC European Community ECB European Central Bank ECJ European Court of Justice ECOFIN Economic and Finance Council (of Ministers) ECSC European Coal and Steel Community ECU European

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Critique and utopia in Benita Parry’s thought
Laura Chrisman

alternative tradition challenging imperialism’s authorized system of knowledge’ (emphasis added). But the ‘tradition’ word, as Parry uses it here, does not reify so much as it draws the reader’s attention to the structural foundations of non-Western practices. In other words, Parry insists here on the systematic, historical character of Indian and Caribbean practices: the metropolitan text is prompted to recognise alternative systems as systems, and to address the langue as well as the parole of its ‘others’. That Parry has anything but a reified conception of non

in Postcolonial contraventions
Neil McNaughton

ethnic groups from abroad, the issue of race was not a particularly significant element in politics until the 1950s. There were two reasons for this: Firstly, the incoming groups were small and tended to lose their own cultural identity quickly, becoming, within two or three generations, effectively British. Apart from the small Jewish community, many of whom do retain a strong separate identity, most immigrant groups until the 1950s were thoroughly absorbed. Secondly, skin colour had not been a factor until that time. There were small communities of Afro-Caribbean

in Understanding British and European political issues
Joe Turner

the ideal of white subjects belonging to Britain and European states (Nahaboo 2018). Bordering might have been increasingly monopolised by states but this was orientated around imperial concerns and the hierarchies of racialised mobility, which were still global rather than national. Whilst the movement of ‘productive’ groups such as indentured labourers was viewed as necessary for the extraction of profit, borders worked to maintain the temporality of labourers and to manage sociosexual relations. In colonies from South Africa and Australia to the Caribbean and

in Bordering intimacy
Bureaucratic politics in EU aid – from the Lomé leap forward to the difficulties of adapting to the twenty-first century
Adrian Hewitt and Kaye Whiteman

Malagasy States and then the ACP. A special place was accorded to Maurice Foley, who had been brought in early in 1973 by the Commission, obviously with the support of the British, to be one of three Deputy Directors-General of DG VIII. A former Foreign Office minister and a convinced European, his particular role was to bring at least Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific into a wide-ranging negotiation, and to ensure that the idea of keeping the Yaoundé countries as a privileged inner circle would be totally squashed. Foley and other newcomers in DG VIII brought an

in EU development cooperation
Open Access (free)
Negotiating with multiculture
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

to, this question of diversity and ethics was extended to a notion of ethnic mix. She explained why she had chosen Longford Primary: Well, I think because we’re not religious, we didn’t want any sort of Christian school or anything like that. We wanted a school that had a good mix of different kinds of kids, so Longford School is quite a mix of like different cultures. There’s Asian kids, Afro-Caribbean kids, Chinese kids, there’s loads of different kids and there’s quite a lot of gay parents as well, so we wanted the kids to get a really good idea of difference

in All in the mix
Theorising the en-gendered nation
Elleke Boehmer

Caribbean), ‘the manipulation of gender politics in the exercise of national rule’, the nation’s ‘sanctioned institutionalisation of gender difference’ – the ‘en-gendering’ of the nation, in Ray’s pithy phrase.2 What, such critics ask, are the rationales and mechanisms through which the nation is almost invariably expressed as a male or male-led community in the Anglophone world, one which may, however, simultaneously be symbolised in the overarching figure of a woman: the woman-as-nation? How is it that, whether nationalism speaks the language of emptiness and desire, or

in Stories of women
Open Access (free)
Seas, oceans and civilisations
Jeremy C.A. Smith

with each other in the Atlantic Ocean and around the Caribbean. Legal philosophies armed imperial states with novel world visions of oceanic sovereignty, such as Hugo Grotius’s Mare Liberum and the principles of suzerainty underpinning the Treaty of Tordesillas. With respect to Africa, Asia and the Middle East, European colonialism remained mainly commercial until the nineteenth century. Importantly, Europe’s empires asserted the right to sovereignty in the Indian Ocean, principally against their European rivals. The claims could not be effective immediately but they

in Debating civilisations