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The impact of EU membership and advancing integration
Karin Arts

first negotiated accession to the European Community in 1961–62, it also made a strong point of accommodating the interests of its own former colonies. This would be repeated during the second round of its accession negotiations in the early 1970s (Tulloch, 1975: 37, 101–3; Grilli, 1993: 16; Todd, 1999: 62–3). As a result, when the UK finally joined the European Community in 1973, the group of recipients of EC development assistance was drastically expanded to include a large number of the UK’s Commonwealth cooperation partners in Anglophone Africa, the Caribbean and

in EU development cooperation
Open Access (free)
Colonial body into postcolonial narrative
Elleke Boehmer

focusing and to some extent summarising the central issues of this chapter. No Telephone to Heaven is structured around a guerrilla incident that took place in Jamaica in the early 1980s. The narrative of this incident is intersected with the personal histories, often truncated, of the main actors involved. In the course of this many-layered account, tracked across three key geographic regions (the Caribbean, North America and Europe), Cliff maps on to her novel an inventory of Jamaican/Caribbean colonial experience. The narrative is strung across episodes blatantly

in Stories of women
Open Access (free)
Why are we doing this? Public sociology and public life
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson, and Roiyah Saltus

]. 1 Southall Black Sisters (SBS) is a not-for-profit organisation, established in 1979 to meet the needs of Black (Asian and African-Caribbean) women. It aims to highlight and challenge all forms of gender-related violence against women; and to empower women to gain more control over their lives, live without fear of violence and assert their human rights to justice, equality

in Go home?
Open Access (free)
Looking forward
Shirin M. Rai

off gender audit’ (Sawer, p. 250). As Staudt argues in chapter 2 of this volume, ‘Good governance is about many things, ranging from opening democratic spaces to performing governance tasks well, justly and equitably’ (p. 61). The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean also suggests that ‘the subject of the [democratic] agenda is central to all debates about the State, not just because democratic governance depends on the ability to define the social, political and economic aspects of the public agenda . . . , but because this very definition is a

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Sabine Clarke

research fund formed part of the Colonial Office response to the crisis that affected the Colonial Empire in the late 1930s, of which riots in the Caribbean were only a part. Research became a priority at a point at which Britain needed a meaningful gesture to ward off domestic and international criticism of the management of its colonies. Scientific research was described as a practical tool that would provide the basic information that underpinned development and so would serve to guarantee the efficacy of Colonial Office interventions in the future

in Science at the end of empire
Arantza Gomez Arana

America. This is demonstrated in the following quotation: the EP ‘Invites the Community to stimulate the efforts of regional integration and congratulate the creation of the Latin American Economic System (SELA) the 18th of October of 1975 with the purpose of creating economic and commercial cooperation among Latin-American and Caribbean countries’ (EP 1976). Nevertheless, integration in Latin America seems to have been a significant issue for the EU. As mentioned, the EU’s lack of involvement in the region had been justified by the lack of appropriate intermediaries on

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Open Access (free)
What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
Catherine Baker

. Ephemeral even for 1990s Croatian pop, explicit in mobilising colonial advertising tropes as perverse association with Afro-European Eurodance and African-American hip-hop modernities, ‘Simplicija’ placed a caricatured racialised imagination in plain sight, just as, two decades later, a Serbian/Croatian/Slovenian celebrity talent-show franchise, licensed from Spain, regularly dressed contestants in blackface to impersonate African-American, Caribbean or Afro-European stars. There could hardly be blunter instruments proving the Yugoslav region is not ‘outside’ race, but

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Total infringement of citizenship

Genova, 2002b ) not only of migrants, but also of those with precarious citizenship. It transformed citizens into ‘illegal migrants’. The term ‘Windrush generation’ refers to people who went to the UK from the British Caribbean colonies between 1948 and 1971, beginning with the Empire Windrush , the first ship that arrived with the new workers the UK needed because of the labour shortages after World War II (Pennant and Sigona, 2018 ). According to the 1948 UK Citizenship Act, they were citizens at the time of their arrival, not immigrants. When the status of

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Mandy Merck

Annigoni in 1954–55, when she was in her late 20s. The grey hair and West Indian accent of the film’s fictional painter, Mr Crawford, also recall the bygone heyday of immigration from the Caribbean. Moreover, the character is portrayed by Earl Cameron, best known for the 1950s and 60s film and television melodramas in which he so often played the virtuous victim of racist violence ( Sapphire , Basil

in The British monarchy on screen
Gender and nationalism in the early fiction of Flora Nwapa
Elleke Boehmer

-national encapsulation of what has been seen so far, the Caribbean poet and historian Kamau Brathwaite has addressed his home island of Barbados as ‘mother’, the matrix of this connection with the past, the source of meaning and identity.2 In his writings on India, such as his An Autobiography (1936) and The Discovery of India (1946), as the previous chapter showed, Jawaharlal Nehru idealises and feminises India as an age-old, at once distant and exacting yet nurturing maternal presence.3 Mehboob Khan’s much-discussed 1957 film Mother India definitively represents India as BOEHMER

in Stories of women