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Representations of the house in the poetry of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin and Vona Groarke
Lucy Collins

concern has been evident and the built environment of her more recent poems is also culturally contextualised. Often the building may be a church or convent rather than a house. Throughout Ní Chuilleanáin’s work, religious institutions are seen to offer the security and support more usually associated with the family home and her sense of the religious community is one of female opportunity rather than limitation. ‘In Her Other Ireland’ sees the austerity of religious life bizarrely placed alongside (or within) the world of the seaside fairground, creating two opposing

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Sustainability, subject and necessity in Yann Martel’s Life of Pi
Louise Squire

conception of ‘other’ – both of which turn out to be necessary to his survival. Through imposing such a dynamic, placing Pi under a fiscal austerity of sorts, the novel explores not just the challenges faced by collective humanity but also the difficulties and costs to which such challenges give rise. Through Pi’s first-person narration, the novel foregrounds the impacts of perspective, the impossibilities of (absolute) knowing, the possibilities of encounter, and the ways in which intention and necessity can put us at odds with ourselves. As the novel progresses, Pi

in Literature and sustainability