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Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

’, historically part of the Argentine military mentality, was updated and adapted to the bipolar logic of the Cold War, but still subsumed within the idea of ‘subversion’. This process is important, as this was the era when the leaders of the military coup of 1976 received their training, and they in turn would be responsible for the training of many of the perpetrators of the slaughter. The central pillar of this indoctrination was the subordination of the notion of war to religious principles. Intransigent Catholicism functioned, as part of this indoctrination, as a pre

in Destruction and human remains
José López Mazz

antecedent for understanding violence in this region was the foreign policy of the United States in Latin America, which considered the region to be its ‘backyard’. During the twentieth century the United States developed a geopolitical approach based on an interest in the strategic value of certain places (Panama) and, above all, of a wide range of natural resources. During the Cold War and following the Cuban Revolution this process was accompanied by a military presence on the ground, and often the training of army officers and local police forces. Larger numbers of

in Human remains and identification
The status of bodies in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge genocide
Anne Yvonne Guillou

, which play a deep structuring role in the mental universe of the Khmer. Bones-as-evidence: ossuaries and memorials from the 1980s to the 2000s It was on the initiative of the new government put in place under effective Vietnamese control in 1979 that the first collective treatment of the bodies from the genocide was undertaken, its aim being to turn them into ‘bones-as-evidence’. This treatment formed part of the general effort to legitimize the new government in the highly polarized international context of the Cold War and the end of the Vietnam War (1975). The

in Human remains and mass violence
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

thematic boundaries, and rewarded them for novel, collaborative and progressive international research. All of these changes have not, of course, automatically resulted in research interest in mass violence, and a second set of factors external to the discipline have arguably provided the real impetus for criminological engagement. As Hagan has noted, the context of the Cold War perhaps promoted a degree of isolationism in western criminology, which began to break down with the dismantling of state communism.17 This new order provided opportunities to study violence

in Human remains and mass violence
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

reinforced by political concerns. The escalation of the conflict in Kosovo resulted in the relocation of women and children to Western countries. The collapse of socialism in most eastern European countries and the end of the Cold War, which changed the power geometry in the world, also affected the movements of people in Kosovo. As of 1992, trans-border mobility was restricted to those seeking asylum or family reunion. Accordingly, the migration of women and children resulted in the partial dissolution of the complex, patrilocal households in which a married couple lived

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos
Iosif Kovras and Simon Robins

by Kemal Ataturk in 1922: destitute refugees flooded the Aegean islands (Clark 2006). During the Second World War and the Nazi occupation of Greece, Greek citizens crossed the Aegean in an effort to reach Turkish shores and join the resistance forces in the Middle East (primarily Lebanon and Egypt).5 Although during the height of the Cold War refugee flows declined, throughout the 1980s Kurds and leftists persecuted by the military regime in Turkey crossed the Aegean border to seek asylum in Greece and other European countries. More recently, and especially after

in Migrating borders and moving times
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

nation-state has been adopted globally as a blueprint, especially following the post-Second World War wave of decolonisation in Africa, Asia and Oceania as well as the post-cold war break-up of Czechoslovakia, the USSR and Yugoslavia. Although some elements of the languages of stateness, as Hansen and Stepputat (2001) name it, are easily recognisable in all nation-states (e.g. national symbols such as flags, coats of arms, anthems; the rituals of protocol; presence of a state bureaucracy), the local variants of the languages and their understandings, as it were, may

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Machines of mass incineration in fact, fiction, and forensics
Robert Jan van Pelt

file is registered in the Patent Office but the invention could not be patented in wartime.’ 20 Did he have hopes that, in 1946, the prospects looked better? The patent and Cold War politics In 1953 the West German patent office issued patent no. 861731 to the firm of Topf & Söhne in Wiesbaden for ‘a treatment and processing for the burning of corpses, cadavers, and parts thereof’.21 Initially, patent no. 861731 did not attract attention. Yet in the late 1950s the real or perceived continuity of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) with the Third Reich became a

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Crossing borders, changing times
Madeleine Hurd, Hastings Donnan, and Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

the rest of the world according to a progressive axis. Other regions lagged behind. If the West was modern, East Europe was romantically backwards, the Middle East regressive, the Far East ‘timeless’. The recent history of West–East relations shows what such differentiation might entail. The Cold War denoted, first, dichotomised spaces. But the border between East and West also functioned as a boundary between time zones. The Soviet-oriented, socialist ‘Eastern Bloc’ and US-oriented, ‘Western’ capitalist zone were divided not only by the Iron Curtain, but by

in Migrating borders and moving times