unregulated segments of the national
or international labour market, economic crises and the rapid growth of new
service industries with lower trade union density, the balance of power has
shifted in recent decades in favour of employers, which can have significant
negative effects on job quality.
This change has often taken place gradually as the various influencing factors have steadily accumulated, causing labour standards to be eroded slowly.
The deregulation promoted by the economicgovernance framework of the
European Union (EU) has accelerated this process. Jill
sometimes been argued that the shifts in the functions
of economicgovernance actors associated with a focus on international competitiveness have been, or should be, accompanied by shifts in the levels of
governance. The nation state, in other words, becomes increasingly ‘leaky’ as
a ‘container of governance’ (Brenner et al., 2003). Its coordinating capacities
are fragmented, with some capacity transferred upwards (e.g. supranational or
transnational institutions providing competition rules) and some downwards
(with subnational regions or localities charged with
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes, and Davies Banda
within broader trends of political and economicgovernance
evident in the country. The chapter offers a historical account beginning in
the period immediately after Zambia's independence in 1964, moving through the
neo-liberal reforms imposed by international donors from the early 1980s to the
development of alternative forms of development governance towards the end of
the twentieth century and into the twenty-first. Throughout the chapter, we
Damian Grimshaw, Colette Fagan, Gail Hebson, and Isabel Tavora
collective bargaining, such
as in Greece during the post-2008 recession, protective labour market institutions can be easily dismantled. For this reason, Bosch and Lehndorff argue that a
more inclusive regulatory framework needs to be anchored not only to statutory
protections and minimum standards but also to strong participatory rights and
discuss the scope for national actors to move towards these goals under the new
European economicgovernance framework.
Marchington and Dundon discuss the societal forces for ‘fair voice’ and the
challenges workers face in liberal
Development) (2017), Indicators
of Employment Protection (Paris: OECD), http://www.oecd.org/employment/emp/
oecdindicatorsofemploymentprotection.htm, accessed 18 March 2017.
Rubery, J. (2015), Re-regulating for Inclusive Labour Markets, Conditions of Work and
Employment Series No. 65 (Geneva: International Labour Organization).
Rubery, J. and Piasna, A. (2016), Labour Market Segmentation and the EU Reform Agenda:
Developing Alternatives to the Mainstream, Working Paper No. 10 (Brussels: European Trade
Schulten, T. and Müller, T. (2014), ‘European economic
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio
. (ed.), The New EU EconomicGovernance and its Impact on
the National Collective Bargaining Systems (Madrid: CCOO), pp. 175–204.
Making work more equal
Rodríguez-Ruiz, Ó. (2015), ‘Unions’ response to corporate restructuring in Telefónica:
locked into collective bargaining?’, Employee Relations, 37:1, 83–101.
Royle, T. and Ortiz, L. (2009), ‘Dominance effects from local competitors: setting institutional parameters for employment relations in multinational subsidiaries; a case from the
Spanish supermarket sector’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 47
Minimum wages and wage-setting systems in Greece and the UK
Minimum wages and the remaking
of the wage-setting systems in Greece
and the UK
Maria Karamessini and Damian Grimshaw
The steady encroachment of a more neoliberal set of market principles among
advanced capitalist countries has not necessarily been accompanied by a declining role of the state. This is as true with respect to the state’s role in wagesetting as it is in other areas of economicgovernance, such as social transfers,
product market regulation and corporate governance