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Queralt Solé

Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, Spain has experienced a cycle of exhumations of the mass graves of the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and has rediscovered that the largest mass grave of the state is the monument that glorifies the Franco regime: the Valley of the Fallen. Building work in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, was begun in 1940 and was not completed until 1958. This article analyses for the first time the regimes wish, from the start of the works, for the construction of the Valley of the Fallen to outdo the monument of El Escorial. At the same time the regime sought to create a new location to sanctify the dictatorship through the vast transfer to its crypts of the remains of the dead of the opposing sides of the war.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
continuity, innovation and renewal
Paul Kennedy

5 The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party: continuity, innovation and renewal Paul Kennedy The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español – PSOE) was founded in Madrid in 1879. It was the largest party on the left during the Second Republic (1931–36), and provided the Republic with two prime ministers during the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Largo Caballero (1936–37) and Juan Negrín (1937–39). Brutally repressed by the Franco regime (1939–75), the PSOE almost disappeared as a significant political force within Spain. Nevertheless, under the

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

. García-Paramio, ‘Nurses for a new fatherland: gender and ideology in the health policies of the early Franco regime in Spain (1938–1942)’, Women’s History Magazine, 68 (2012), 33–41 and A.  Peters, ‘Nanna Conti:  the Nazis’ Reichshebammenfuehrerin (1841–1951)’, Women’s History Magazine, 65 (2011), 33–41. 37 A.  Hardy and E.  M. Tansy, ‘Medical enterprise and global response, 1945–2000’, in W.  F. Bynum, A.  Hardy, S.  Jacyna, C.  Lawrence and E.  M. Tansy, The Western Medical Tradition 1800 to 2000 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), p. 519. 38 M.  Vaughan, Curing Their Ills

in Colonial caring
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti, and Cecilia Sironi

Ispettorato Superiore Generale Servizi Militari, L’organizzazione sanitaria e la salute delle truppe, X. 19 Ispettorato Superiore Generale Servizi Militari, L’organizzazione sanitaria e la salute delle truppe, XI. 20 Ispettorato Superiore Generale Servizi Militari, L’organizzazione sanitaria e la salute delle truppe, XI. 21 M. E. Galiana-Sanchez, J. Bernabeu-Mestre and P. García-Paramio, ‘Nurses for a new fatherland: gender and ideology in the health policies of the early Franco regime in Spain (1938–1942)’, Women’s History Magazine, 68 (2012), 33–41. 22 Grace Baxter

in Colonial caring
Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls and Albert Recto

absence of these aspects at the beginning of democracy, rigidity was attributed to the persistence of laws and practices inherited from the Franco regime. The situation changed in 1987 130 Making work more equal when, for the first time, the Labour Force Survey published information on the level of temporary employment and estimated the temporary employment rate at 17.7 per cent. Suddenly, Spain had gone from being a country with rigid employment to being one of the most advanced countries in terms of the use of flexible forms of employment. The official explanation

in Making work more equal
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio

of the curiously and quite expansively industrialised Spanish economy under the Franco regime had to be transformed and renewed in the context of the industrial crisis of the 1970s and 1980s – and how a system of social dialogue had to be constructed in very politically challenging circumstances. Within this context, a form of social ­dialogue – that somewhat broad term – and political exchange emerged that was able to configure a relatively coordinated set of joint regulations and regulatory processes in terms of employment conditions. Within this context there

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

regretted the ‘Government’s apparent continuance of a traditionally Conservative Party policy of power politics abroad’, and urged ‘a return to the Labour Party foreign policy of support of Socialist and anti-Imperialist forces throughout the world’.38 Criticism was made of the lack of change in Foreign Service personnel; over the barriers of Jewish immigration to Palestine; of the continued diplomatic relations with the Franco regime in Spain; and over relations with the Soviet Union.39 All the critical resolutions were either withdrawn before being voted upon, or, like

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

movement was formed in the context of the active repression of the Basque culture and language by the Spanish state, and of regional autonomy in general, under the Franco regime. Although heavily factionalised and prone to divisions over tactics, the movement shares a rationale of armed struggle with the Spanish state. ETA has carried out kidnappings, assassinations and bombings. It has targeted individuals it sees as

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

involved in regional politics in Galicia, becoming the President of the region in 1990 (and re-elected to that post in 1993, 1997 and 2000). During the Franco regime he was a supporter of partial liberalisation, both of the ruling party and of the regime. He removed aspects of censorship of the press by legislation in 1966, for instance. However, he was too closely linked to Franco’s regime to be a key figure in the transition to

in The politics today companion to West European Politics