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Communities, circumstances and choices
Nicholas Atkin

2499 Chap1 7/4/03 2:41 pm Page 1 1 The context of exile: communities, circumstances and choices Quitter la France est, pour un français, une situation funèbre. (Honoré de Balzac, Le Cousin Pons)1 An independent-minded people, with a strong cultural awareness and attachment to region, if not always to nation, the French have generally made unhappy exiles. It has been their misfortune that the many crises punctuating French history have compelled them to take refuge abroad, especially in Britain, a land that is so ‘alike’ France yet so ‘different’.2 In the

in The forgotten French
Staging class aboard the omnibus
Masha Belenky

wheels. Red spots here and there must have been blood stains.) Here Flaubert draws on the existing repertoire of images that were ingrained in the cultural imagination. Gustave Flaubert, L’éducation sentimentale (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1942), p. 169. 29 Honoré de Balzac, Correspondance (1832), R. Pierrot (ed.), vol. 1 (Paris: Garnier, 1960–66), p. 380. 30 Papayanis, Horse-Drawn Cabs, p. 64. 31 Félix Nogaret, Réflexions d’un patriarche sur les voitures dites omnibus ! (Paris: Leclerc, 1828). 32 Nogaret’s slim volume was well known and

in Engine of modernity
Open Access (free)
Masha Belenky

detail in Chapter 1. 15 See in particular Nicholas Papayanis, Paris before Haussmann (Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004) and David H. Pinkney, Decisive Years in France 1840–1847 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986). See also Hahn, Scenes of Parisian Modernity. 16 Honoré de Balzac, Ferragus , in Histoire des treize (Paris: Garnier-Flammarion, 1988), p. 79. 17 Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson, Paris as Revolution: Writing the Nineteenth-Century City (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994), p. 35

in Engine of modernity
Alison Lewis

, when Döblin was admitted into the canon of world literature, taking his place alongside Joyce and Dos Passos, it was not as a realist or naturalist but as a moderniser and modernist.12 Hence in German literary circles Döblin is rarely compared to his French literary forebears Gustave Flaubert, Honoré de Balzac and Émile Zola. This is curious, all the more so since Döblin proclaimed once in 1924 that the modern ‘European-American world’ was on the cusp of a naturalist age.13 Among French literary historians, German naturalism is often regarded as an imitation of

in A history of the case study
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Regina Maria Roche, the Minerva Press, and the bibliographic spread of Irish gothic fiction
Christina Morin

, American, and European authors, including Honoré de Balzac, Charlotte Brontë, William Carleton, Cervantes, James Fenimore Cooper, Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, Edgar Allan Poe, Walter Scott, and Jonathan Swift. 76 The narratological manifestations of Roche's bibliographic everywhereness The remarkable material circulation of Roche's novels indicates the very real advantages to be gleaned from loyalty to Lane, even if Roche's motives for publishing with Minerva remain unclear. We may not currently know how much

in The gothic novel in Ireland, c. 1760–1829
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Reading the omnnibus repertoire
Masha Belenky

Fouinet, ‘ Un voyage en omnibus ’, p. 69. Italics in the original. 21 Lauster, Sketches of the Nineteenth Century , p. 9. 22 Honoré de Balzac, ‘ Histoire et physiologie des Boulevards de Paris. De la Madeleine à la Bastille ’, in Le Diable à Paris , 2 vols (Paris: Hetzel, 1845–46), vol. 2 (1846), p. 92. 23 Paris en omnibus. Guide familier dans le Paris de 1869 (Paris Ancien et Paris Nouveau) par un simple voyageur en omnibus, en chemin de ceinture et en bateau mouche indiquant les rencontres et les correspondances de ces divers modes de locomotion dans

in Engine of modernity