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Amanda Alencar
and
Julia Camargo

into the formal labour market, repeating a global pattern that is also persistent in other migratory flows. The project was developed at the Reference Center for Migrants and Refugees at the Federal University of Roraima (UFRR), in the framework of the programme ‘Portuguese as a Reception Language’, which provided a technology lab equipped with twenty computers with internet access and a children’s room to receive the children of the project participants. The institutions

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Difficulties of a Randomised Clinical Trial Confronted with Real Life in Southern Niger
Mamane Sani Souley Issoufou

. Those data are obtained via a complex, meticulously kept medical record based on carefully completed forms. A trial participant’s medical record refers to a medical practice, one which is fed and maintained by scientific experimentation. This article will discuss the process through which data are produced and multiple ways of making them reliable in a clinical trial. The study in question was a clinical trial for a new vaccine against severe forms of rotavirus diarrhoea in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James
,
Joseph Grace Kasereka
, and
Shelley Lees

unfolded among actual and potential trial participants. Research participants are rarely involved in ethical debates in which they are so centrally implicated: but to understand the complexity of medical research, it is crucial to ‘recognise its study subjects as interlocutors in ongoing global ethics debates, not as mere objects of ethical responsibility’ ( Geissler and Pool, 2006 : 975). We adopt an anthropological approach which examines the lived experience of ‘postcolonial techno

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

(characterised by many participants as #AidToo), with a focus on British organisations. I argue that the aid industry exists in a historical, social and political space that is particularly volatile when it comes to sexual abuse, harassment and assault. The power hierarchies of the industry make it difficult to call out this abuse and easy to cover it up – powerful men are protected by their image as humanitarian saviours and enabled by organisations that rely on public goodwill for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

is that such a case illustrates a Rwandan way of communicating that only makes sense when one takes into account the dialectic of speech/silence as discussed in the previous section. Indeed, one could say that ‘the truth was out there’ that day, in some expressive form, situated in the midst of the participants in that particular gacaca session. The trial participants on that hill that day deterritorialised the gacaca assemblage in their way. In doing so, they deterritorialised the assemblage when looked at from the perspective of its design. They

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Spiritual care and memory activism at the former Republic of Vietnam military cemetery
Đạt Nguyễn

Following the end of the Vietnam–American War in 1975, the commemoration of the fallen soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) remains a difficult issue. The post-war Vietnamese state has marginalised ARVN dead from its national commemorative practices, while it has destroyed or neglected former South Vietnam memorial sites. This article provides an examination of recent efforts by local ARVN former combatants, living relatives of fallen soldiers and young Vietnamese to attend to the upkeep of the former ARVN cemetery in southern Vietnam. Based on participant observation and interviews, I explore how people care for the dead through regular acts of grave maintenance and religious rituals. I show that, through these persistent practices of care, southern Vietnamese engage in a form of memory activism to ensure the continual existence of the cemetery and lay claims to the right to mourn for the marginalised dead.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan
and
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

-first century, particularly the normalisation of crisis and displacement and the recurrent themes of food security, famine and drought. Each session was introduced by brief reflections from two practitioners and an academic, followed by a guided open discussion, bringing in participants from the floor and lasting approximately an hour and a half in each case. Brief outlines of the session themes, including questions for reflection, were circulated

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Local Understandings of Resilience after Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban City, Philippines
Ara Joy Pacoma
,
Yvonne Su
, and
Angelie Genotiva

March to May 2017. The number of interviews is small because of the difficulty of talking to locals about their understanding of foreign concepts. To avoid alienating the participants by making them feel they did not know the ‘right answer’, our study focused on a general discussion about the household’s post-disaster recovery. In addition, a great deal of time was spent to build rapport with the respondents to make them feel comfortable and at ease when discussing their experience of Haiyan and their understanding of humanitarian interventions. Figure 1: Map

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Digital Skills Training and the Systematic Exclusion of Refugees in Lebanon
Rabih Shibli
and
Sarah Kouzi

-campus pilot with 100 Syrian participants to a nationwide programme reaching more than 3000 young adults in five centres across Lebanon over six years. According to the WFP, the DST is one of its initial Empowerment in Action (EMPACT) programmes that ‘connects food-insecure youth to the global digital economy’ ( WFP, 2020 ) leveraging on it to ‘build the resilience of urban, displaced, and landless or land-poor households’. 1 The location of each centre

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Swati Mehta Dhawan
and
Julie Zollmann

inclusion (i.e. incorporation into existing, mainstream financial systems on the same terms as host populations). In response to various exclusions, refugees accepted jobs illegally, registered for financial accounts with borrowed IDs or purchased PayPal accounts online. Sometimes these behaviours are cited as creative, resilient workarounds ( Shepherd et al. , 2020 ; Omeje and Mwangi, 2014 ), but they often increased research participants

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs