Welfare reform and the ‘Third Way’ politics of New Labour and the New Democrats
commitments to social justice, because labour force
attachment strategies reinforce labour market divisions, especially
for the low-paid. 20 In the UK, the USA and elsewhere, the
‘welfare state’ is giving way to the ‘workfare
state’. Any possibility of the Labour Government delivering on
the traditional objectives of the Left has been lost.
Is ‘work first’ making it
. In conclusion, Green-Pedersen et al . 89 stated that the
policy elements in the Netherlands closely match those outlined in
the Blair–Schröder document. To some extent, the
Netherlands has been practising the ‘Third Way’ for some
Finally, Sweden has long been at the forefront of
left-of-centre thinking in labour market policy: ‘workfare
employment constituted the main campaign issue was unable to
avert defeat, handing over power to a resurgent centre-right coalition, the
‘Alliance for Sweden’.
The new government was soon marred by controversy, and the initial
honeymoon usually afforded by voters to incumbent governments vanished. The government’s main problem has been its welfare reform programme, not least its changes in the unemployment insurance scheme.
Adopting a workfare approach to welfare and claiming to defend the
welfare state, the government maintains that its reforms merely aim at
leading Conservatives were again prepared to look across the Atlantic.
Iain Duncan Smith visited the US in early December 2001. His engagements
included a meeting with George Pataki, governor of New York state. On his
return, Duncan Smith commended Pataki’s efforts in reforming welfare provision
through workfare whereby recipients work in return for public assistance. He
also paid tribute to the Republican Party’s presidential campaign:
Yet Bush turned the Clinton–Blair tide and a center right renaissance now
crackles through the autumnal air in Washington. He did it by
) ‘From the Keynesian welfare to the Schumpeterian workfare state’,
Lancaster Regionalism Group, Working Paper 45, University of Lancaster.
Kölbe, T. (1987) ‘Trade unionists, party activists and politicians: the struggle
for power over party rules in the Labour Party and the West German SPD’,
Comparative Politics, 19 (4).
Lafontaine, O. and Schröder, G. (1998) (eds), Innovation für Deutschland (Göttingen:
Lafontaine, O. (1998) untitled contribution in O. Lafontaine and G. Schröder (eds),
Innovation für Deutschland (Göttingen: Steidl).
Lees, C. (2000) The Red