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The Journal of Humanitarian Affairs is an exciting, new open access journal hosted jointly by The Humanitarian Affairs Team at Save the Children UK, and Centre de Réflexion sur l’Action et les Savoirs Humanitaires MSF (Paris) and the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute at the University of Manchester. It will contribute to current thinking around humanitarian governance, policy and practice with academic rigour and political courage. The journal will challenge contributors and readers to think critically about humanitarian issues that are often approached from reductionist assumptions about what experience and evidence mean. It will cover contemporary, historical, methodological and applied subject matters and will bring together studies, debates and literature reviews. The journal will engage with these through diverse online content, including peer reviewed articles, expert interviews, policy analyses, literature reviews and ‘spotlight’ features.

Our rationale can be summed up as follows: the sector is growing and is facing severe ethical and practical challenges. The Journal of Humanitarian Affairs will provide a space for serious and inter-disciplinary academic and practitioner exchanges on pressing issues of international interest.

The journal aims to be a home and platform for leading thinkers on humanitarian affairs, a place where ideas are floated, controversies are aired and new research is published and scrutinised. Areas in which submissions will be considered include humanitarian financing, migrations and responses, the history of humanitarian aid, failed humanitarian interventions, media representations of humanitarianism, the changing landscape of humanitarianism, the response of states to foreign interventions and critical debates on concepts such as resilience or security.

Mel Bunce

crises, they increasingly encounter media content that blurs the line between reality and fiction. This includes everything from rumours and exaggerations on social media, through to partisan journalism, satire and completely invented stories that are designed to look like real news articles. Although this media content varies enormously, it is often grouped together under nebulous and all-encompassing terms such as ‘fake news’, ‘disinformation’ or ‘post-truth’ media. Scholars have started to pay serious attention to the production and impact of all

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Four Conversations with Canadian Communications Officers
Dominique Marshall

, and the increasing flux of digital content. Rosenberg, Danielski, and Falconer were initially journalists in printed newspapers. The publication for which Falconer worked, for instance, progressed towards online reporting; when she left to write freelance assignments for non-profit organizations, she soon found herself writing for digital platforms, composing blogs and Facebook posts. Six years ago, when the CRC offered her a permanent position, she welcomed the opportunity to further this experience with social media in a stable and innovative environment

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
James Baldwin and Ray Charles in “The Hallelujah Chorus”
Ed Pavlić

Based on a recent, archival discovery of the script, “But Amen is the Price” is the first substantive writing about James Baldwin’s collaboration with Ray Charles, Cicely Tyson, and others in a performance of musical and dramatic pieces. Titled by Baldwin, “The Hallelujah Chorus” was performed in two shows at Carnegie Hall in New York City on 1 July 1973. The essay explores how the script and presentation of the material, at least in Baldwin’s mind, represented a call for people to more fully involve themselves in their own and in each other’s lives. In lyrical interludes and dramatic excerpts from his classic work, “Sonny’s Blues,” Baldwin addressed divisions between neighbors, brothers, and strangers, as well as people’s dissociations from themselves in contemporary American life. In solo and ensemble songs, both instrumental and vocal, Ray Charles’s music evinced an alternative to the tradition of Americans’ evasion of each other. Charles’s sound meant to signify the history and possibility of people’s attainment of presence in intimate, social, and political venues of experience. After situating the performance in Baldwin’s personal life and public worldview at the time and detailing the structure and content of the performance itself, “But Amen is the Price” discusses the largely negative critical response as a symptom faced by much of Baldwin’s other work during the era, responses that attempted to guard “aesthetics” generally—be they literary, dramatic, or musical—as class-blind, race-neutral, and apolitical. The essay presents “The Hallelujah Chorus” as a key moment in Baldwin’s search for a musical/literary form, a way to address, as he put it, “the person and the people,” in open contention with the social and political pressures of the time.

James Baldwin Review
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

, sector (following the UN OCHA sector/cluster categorisation), and report type. The categorisation allowed for a basic landscape assessment by year and sector. For the synthesis of lessons learned, the reports were assessed qualitatively by sector. Content was coded as lessons learned, challenges, insights and positive practices. While NVivo (as do other content-coding software) allows for more systematic approaches (e.g. quantifying usage frequency of specific terms to indicate level of importance, or lack thereof; e.g. Cochrane et al. , 2017 ), this approach was not

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

and empower crisis-affected communities in their own response and recovery. Crisis translation innovations often need to balance accuracy and timeliness. The accepted premise is that a human translator with the right qualifications, experience and tools will do a good job but take longer than MT. On the other hand, MT will have variable quality depending on factors like language pair, translation direction and content type. Each humanitarian crisis

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

availability and accessibility to make a point supporting her subsequent argument. While availability mainly describes the provision of technology, accessibility is multidimensional in nature and represents the real opportunity of using technology. Building on these basic definitions, she identifies the two biggest barriers to access for individuals from refugee background: content in English – the official language in Australia and the internet’s lingua franca – and affordability in the face of more

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

, https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/ASP-Sri-Lanka-and-BiH.pdf (accessed 7 December 2018 ). All Survivors Project (ASP) ( 2018 ), ‘I Don’t Know Who Can Help’: Men and Boys Facing Sexual Violence in Central African Republic , https://allsurvivorsproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/ASP-Central-African-Republic.pdf (accessed 7

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

investment. By looking from the bottom up and keeping focused on the essential outcomes of patient documentation, there is potential to create more efficiency using technology in a way with which clinical staff embrace rather than battle. Systems in themselves cannot serve to eradicate the pitfalls of human factors in medical documentation. Creating a more efficient method of data collection and collation, which possibly reduces the handwritten component, does not prevent the content of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

2020 ). Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) ( 2015 ), Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action: Reducing Risk, Promoting Resilience and Aiding Recovery , https://gbvguidelines.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/2015-IASC-Gender-based-Violence-Guidelines_lo-res.pdf (accessed 30 August 2020

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs