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‘Postcolonial’ as periodizer
Andrew Sartori

Introduction The term ‘post-colonial’ proliferated rapidly in English and French starting in the 1950s, mirroring the acceleration of processes of decolonization. Down through the 1970s and 1980s, ‘post-colonial’ remained for the most part a relatively straightforward political periodizer. It named whatever institutional order followed the end of formal colonial rule – and by extension, the social and cultural forms that accompanied that institutional order. But starting in the 1980s, a second

in Post-everything
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Why modern African economies are dependent on mineral resources
Keith Breckenridge

investment as the engine of development. As things turned out, the overall project of colonial development was a failure; the officials who were responsible for the plans, and the funding, in London (and Paris) began to realize that the costs of colonial social welfare would greatly exceed the returns. Frankel’s study was written at the beginning of the crisis of decolonization, a process that would see the European powers abandon their hold on the continent ‘in a single generation’ (Frankel 1969: 210, 214–15, Cooper 1996: 395–6). He was dumbfounded (as he noted in the

in History, historians and development policy
Post-ideology and the politics of periodization
Adriaan van Veldhuizen

authors revolved around themes such as modernization, decolonization, the end of socialism and developments in the Cold War, Dittberner and others stress that analyses and opinions differed from author to author. 30 First of all, the concept of ideology has quite a kaleidoscopic character. To bring tangibility, Howard Brick identified its most striking features and asked what ideology meant to the authors. 31 Brick argues: From the various meanings of ‘ideology’, then, its

in Post-everything
Yolande Jansen, Jasmijn Leeuwenkamp, and Leire Urricelqui

Wretched of the Earth : It [decolonization] brings a natural rhythm into existence, introduced by new men, and with it a new language and a new humanity. Decolonization is the veritable creation of new men. But this creation owes nothing of its legitimacy to any supernatural power; the ‘thing’ which has been colonized becomes man during the same process by which it frees itself. 76 For Fanon it is precisely the affirmation of the colonized subject

in Post-everything
The cultural construction of opposition to immunisation in India
Niels Brimnes

Politics of Nationalism (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000), p. 20. S. S. Amrith, Decolonizing International Health. India and Southeast Asia 1930–65 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), p. 33. 46 ‘A National Defect’, Young India (25 April 1925), in CWMG, XL, p. 283

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Education and development in modern Southeast Asian history
Tim Harper

and love to be a Thai; live a Thai life, speak Thai and esteem Thai culture’ (Baker and Phongpaichit 2005: 172). The overseas Chinese and Indians found that the space for vernacular education had shrunk dramatically. The use of the national language was a primary yardstick of integration right across Southeast Asia. In Malaysia, and elsewhere, this amounted to ’a second wave of decolonization’: one corollary of the ethnic precedence given to the Malays was an assault on Anglophone culture (Watson 1996: 305). Not least amongst its ironies was that it was often led by

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Post-concepts in historical perspective
Herman Paul

helped bring about decolonization in the course of the twentieth century. Unlike Appiah, therefore, Shohat maintains that the adjective postcolonial not only marks a distancing from colonial types of discourse, but also signals ‘a passage into a new period and a closure of a certain historical event or age, officially stamped with dates’. 35 Apparently, the first thing that understanding a post-concept requires is elucidating what the root term (the noun following the prefix) denotes. What exactly is it that the post

in Post-everything
Paul Greenough, Stuart Blume, and Christine Holmberg

–31. 22 M. Espinosa, Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Indepen dence, 1878–1930 (Chicago: University of Chicago, 2009). 23 But see S. A. Amrith, Decolonizing International Health: India and Southeast Asia, 1930–65 (London: Palgrave 2006

in The politics of vaccination
Neil Macmaster

so as to be able to opt eventually as the winning side became evident. Notes 1 This is a wider theoretical issue addressed constantly by historians of colonialism, ethnographers and ‘subaltern studies’: on Algerian women specifically see ‘Decolonizing Feminism’ in Lazreg, Eloquence, 6–19. 2 The only attempt to analyse the geographical variations in female militancy is Djamila Amrane, ‘Répartition géographique des militantes de la guerre de libération nationale (Algérie, 1954–1962)’, AWAL, 8 (1991), 1–19. M1822 - MACMASTER TEXT.indd 234 21/7/09 12:16:24 Military

in Burning the veil