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Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls and Albert Recto

hold before their customers, which lead them to exert downward pressures Labour segmentation and precariousness in Spain 141 on labour conditions; and the social valuation of these jobs where outsourced can often be conflated with meanings about ‘low-skilled’, ‘simple’ and unimportant activities, which have a damaging impact on these workers’ bargaining capacity. But this same situation can be seen in the subcontracting of activities of other kinds. In some cases, outsourcing allows subcontractor companies to operate in collective agreements more appropriate to

in Making work more equal
Jane Humphries

the persistence of the working-class family’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 1:3 (1977) 241–258. Reprinted in Held, D. and Giddens, A. (eds), Class Conflict and Power: A Reader (London: Macmillan), pp. 470–91. Humphries, J. and Rubery, J. (1984), ‘The reconstitution of the supply side of the labour market: the relative autonomy of social reproduction’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 8:4, 331–46. Humphries, J. and Weisdorf, J. (2015), ‘The wages of women in England, 1260–1850’, Journal of Economic History, 75:2, 405–47. Kenyon, N. (1962), ‘Labour conditions in

in Making work more equal
Laura Suski

. Some buycotts and boycotts have successfully produced moral communities that join localised consumers with distant producers, and in turn, have contributed to initiatives to improve labour conditions for workers and more sustainable forms of production. However, due to the natures of contemporary childhood and parenting, toy consumption often works to separate and alienate consumers from producers, rather than bringing

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

, labour conditions, to people displaced through industrialisation, refugees, and so on. These repeated sites of injury can be amenable to more cooperative, multi-levelled, enmeshed and tactical ways of working with rights. While such an approach is hardly novel, it could become more the heart of an international human rights practice. Although highly sensitive (how many governments are happy to reveal the state of their prisons or the practices of their police forces?) such ventures need not be so persistently structured by the dynamics of contending sovereignties. Nor

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)
Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

of health and minimisation of danger to life and property (including such standards for labour conditions), and to provide for the application of these standards’ (International Atomic Energy Agency 1957, Article III.A.6). The development of practical international co-operation in nuclear safety began in the early 1960s and reached its present wide-ranging scale in the 1980s and 1990s after the accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island (Timerbaev and Iorysh 1999). The present IAEA regime on safe development of nuclear energy is based on a range of international

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia
Open Access (free)
Graeme Kirkpatrick

to force a new situation, every bit as much as the production-line imposed capitalist labour conditions onto generations of workers. The model here is not discursive but authoritative, even coercive, and the relevant value is not democracy but equality.

in Technical politics
Thomas D’haeninck, Jan Vandersmissen, Gita Deneckere, and Christophe Verbruggen

by Daniel Mareska and Jean-Julien Heyman. Their investigation of the labour conditions and moral and physical situation of the workers employed in Ghent’s cotton mills 34 stimulated further inquiries but also initiated social policies. 35 In the 1860s, plagues of cholera struck several neighbourhoods in Ghent. Relying on the recommendations he found in the old report of Mareska and Heyman, Burggraeve took

in Medical histories of Belgium
M. Anne Brown

people wholeheartedly. They are ruthless to the enemy, but kind to the people’ (Chen Xitong, then Mayor of Beijing, in Yi Mu and Thompson, 1989: 75). We have tended to romanticise Tiananmen in a way that we do not romanticise the extraordinarily high proportion of indigenous and black people in the prisons of many states, for example, or the sale of women into prostitution or abusive labour conditions. This is because Tiananmen echoes so pointedly an idealisation of themes running through our own political mythos. In the words of George Hicks

in Human rights and the borders of suffering