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Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

argued that nursing practice, education and policy were established and consolidated in the metropole before being exported to the colonies by British nurses, and as a consequence, professional nursing developed independently in each of the colonial outposts. However, cases like that of ‘Nellie’ Gould illustrate that nursing practice was equally constituted on the peripheries, and that a complex network of nursing ideas existed within the British Empire, fuelled and enhanced by the mass migration of nurses between various colonial locations. Ellen Julia Gould (known as

in Colonial caring
Emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence
Sarah Roddy

5 The spiritual empire at home: emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence The idea that mass migration from nineteenth-century Ireland created an Irish ‘empire’ has had enduring appeal. It proved a rare source of pride during depressed periods in independent Ireland, particularly the 1940s and 1950s, and provided the basis of an evocative title for at least one popular version of the Irish diaspora’s story as late as the turn of this century.1 In the latter context especially, ‘Irish empire’ can appear simply a wry play on a far more common and not

in Population, providence and empire
Open Access (free)
The ethics and politics of memory in an age of mass culture
Alison Landsberg

century when two developments radically changed the conditions and contours of memory in American culture. Modernisation and industrialisation sparked an unprecedented movement of peoples across the globe, while the birth of the cinema and other technological innovations led to the emergence of a truly mass culture. In the context of mass migrations, memory would be required to play a crucial new role

in Memory and popular film
Open Access (free)
What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
Catherine Baker

formation, forced migration and genocide that invite seeing its past and present through the lens of ethnopolitical and religious conflict. Moreover, as part of ‘eastern’ rather than ‘western’ Europe, and without its own history as an imperial power, it did not experience the mass migration from outside ‘Europe’ of millions of people whose identities would be racialised as non-white. Studies of how ideas of ‘race’ have circulated and been adapted across the globe, for their part, themselves still almost always pass over the east of Europe and its state socialist past. The

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Chapters 2 and 3. Using the British response to a plague epidemic which originated in China and came to global attention when it hit Hong Kong in 1894, Fletcher takes a long-term view (1880–1914) and a comparative approach, arguing that although nursing practice might originate at the centre it was constituted on the peripheries of the Empire. Thus colonial nursing engendered a complex network of nursing ideas which was fuelled and expanded by the mass migration of nurses from various locations within the Empire. Fletcher argues that by using crises, such as a major

in Colonial caring
G. Honor Fagan

country located in the wrong continent’.10 It was the Great Famine of the mid-nineteenth century and subsequent mass migrations which, supposedly, converted Ireland from an Atlantic country to an American one. This shift in cultural geography was sustained, according to Dunkerely, by a ‘superabundance of myth’11 but was also validated by the one million Irish people who became US citizens in the second half of the nineteenth century. From this perspective, it is easy to leap to another end of century and an economistic reading which would ‘place’ Ireland as an ‘outpost

in The end of Irish history?
Open Access (free)
Emilio Santoro

years in Europe, and much longer in the USA, there has been the phenomenon of a mass migration of people from continental areas with high demographic rates and scarce, if any, development, desperately seeking the advantages of belonging to a ‘prized’ citizenship. This situation has led to a mass of economically and politically very weak people who are de facto excluded from the actual enjoyment of nearly every sort of right

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

have to be addressed at some point. Similarly, the increasing inequality between people in different countries is one source of war, disturbance and mass migration that will also have to be alleviated if the hopes of a peaceful and prosperous world stand any chance of being realised in the twenty-first century. Summary Equality is a word capable of several different meanings. One can speak of ‘primary

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Sarah Roddy

and religious change – and aims to provide fresh insight into both. There is a reasonable popular assumption that Irish emigration on a significant scale began only in the nineteenth century. Many regard the Great Famine as Ireland’s mass migration ‘year zero’, while others might be aware that the economic slump after the end of the Napoleonic wars in 1815 prompted consistent outward movement. Although there is some truth to both points, emigration from Ireland before 1815 was by no means negligible, and each of the three major churches in Ireland consequently had

in Population, providence and empire
Antonia Lucia Dawes

communicative incompletion. Napoli’s position on the edge of the Mediterranean – in the shadow of a necropolitics that called for people deemed disposable to be placed at risk of death – generated a creative and sticky friction between this particular local context of culture, language and difference and the wider geopolitical scenario of politicised mass migration and global austerity (Mbembe 2019 ; Tsing 2005 ). As I argued in the introduction, multilingual talk shaped transcultural negotiations in a context where localised historic inequalities and power dynamics were

in Race talk