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Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

practicality prevents it). This is the same foundational commitment that animates human rights work. The humanist core to both of these forms of social practice is a similar kind of belief in the ultimate priority of moral claims made by human beings as human beings rather than as possessors of any markers of identity or citizenship. What differences exist between humanitarianism and human rights are largely sociological – the contextual specifics of the evolution of two different forms of social activism. I have argued elsewhere, for example, that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Time and space
Saurabh Dube

This chapter is cast as a personal narrative. It unravels how I arrived at inklings and understandings of space and time – alongside those of disciplines and subjects, modernity and identity – that were explored in the Introduction and which lie at the core of this book. At stake are intimations that are at once familiar and strange. For, born to anthropologist parents, I

in Subjects of modernity
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Missions, the colonial state and constructing a health system in colonial Tanganyika
Michael Jennings

of Christianity, commerce and civilisation that the Livingstonean and Victorian imaginations of missionary enterprise had envisaged. But if by the 1910s and 1920s they had become, in effect, part of the mix of service providers, they could not be said to constitute a ‘sector’ in the sense of a collective identity, shared values and objectives and common interests. Reflecting the history of the

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

. Digby, ‘Race, identity and the nursing profession in South Africa, c. 1850–1958’, in B. Mortimer and S. McGann (eds), New Directions in the History of Nursing: International Perspectives (London: Routledge, 2005), pp. 109–24. 18 Nestel, ‘(Ad)ministering angels’, 258. 19 J. and J. Comaroff, ‘Cultivation, Christianity and colonialism’, in J. de Grunchy (ed.), The London Missionary Society in Southern Africa (Cape Town: David Phillip, 1999), p. 81. 20 The comparative differences between nurses working for the ‘colonial enterprise’ such as the Colonial Nursing Association

in Colonial caring
American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

Printing Office, 1900), p.  486, http:// (accessed 18 February 2015).  8 S. S.  Gotay, Protestantismo y política en Puerto Rico, 1898–1930:  hacia una historia del protestantismo evangélico en Puerto Rico (San Juan, PR: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997).  9 A. B. Wills, ‘Mapping Presbyterian missionary identity in The Church at Home and Abroad, 1890–1898’, in D.  H. Bays and G.  Wacker (eds), The Foreign Missionary Enterprise at Home:  Explorations in North American Cultural History (Tuscaloosa: University of

in Colonial caring
Emigration and sectarian rivalry
Sarah Roddy

, based on zero-sum assumptions that ‘the Protestant interest’ was strengthened by every Catholic departure and vice versa. It was manifested most virulently in the middle decades of the century and was inextricably bound up with the contemporaneous efforts of evangelical Protestants to convert Catholics in the so-called ‘Second Reformation’. Partly by mining the wealth of controversial written material produced by Protestant missionaries and their Catholic counterparts during this period, this chapter will attempt to ascertain how clergy believed their churches might

in Population, providence and empire
Open Access (free)
Identities and incitements
Saurabh Dube

This chapter focuses on questions and contentions of identity and modernity, entailing stipulations of time and space. Instead of approaching identity as an already given entity that is principally antithetical to modernity, in speaking of identities my reference is to wide-ranging processes of formations of subjects, expressing not only particular personhoods but also collective

in Subjects of modernity
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

object of inquiry, it is difficult to support the argument that it was seen differently by women. ‘There is no specifically female gaze’, concludes Indira Ghose in her comprehensive survey of female travel writings on India, ‘for the simple reason that gender is only one of a multiplicity of factors that determine identity.’ 47 Jemima Kindersley was married to an officer in the Bengal

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
Association and distinction in politics and religion
Rodney Barker

collective identity. 60 Whichever it is, the cultivation of the identity of the elite has as a necessary aspect a narrative about the identity of the mass of ordinary people. If the elite bans or persecutes the use of the language of a group or caste or community whom it wishes to assimilate under its control or influence, it uses language as a missionary tool. If the elite, conversely, sets itself apart from the mass by its use of cultivated French, or ecclesiastical Latin, or European English, then language becomes a mark of both superiority and subordination. The

in Cultivating political and public identity