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Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

/or vulnerable North Koreans, but data from agencies working inside the country indicates that a prolonged situation of food insecurity and inadequate access to quality healthcare and hygiene facilities persists. 2 The international humanitarian system in the DPRK includes non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international organisations (IOs) and bilateral organisations. There is no known independent civil society in the DPRK. Humanitarians work with various national and local bodies to deliver their programmes. Humanitarian agencies began working in the country in the mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

, freedom from want and freedom from fear. 2 The Dumbarton Oaks Conference took place in Washington, D.C., from August to October 1944. Delegations from the US, the UK, the Soviet Union and China gathered to discuss plans for a post-war international organisation. The United Nations then came into existence in October 1945, when 51 countries ratified its charter in San Francisco. 3 In The Great Transformation , Karl Polanyi refers to a double movement that occurs in the development of the ‘Market

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

in conflict (AHCC). In 2014, the UN General Assembly approved draft resolution (A/69/L.35) on global health and foreign policy, with a focus on protection of health workers, and in 2016 the UN Security Council approved resolution 2286 on the protection of healthcare during conflict. Accordingly, various UN agencies and human rights and humanitarian local and international organisations have intensified efforts to document AHCC. The WHO established the Surveillance System for Attacks on Health Care (SSA) mechanism as a global surveillance system. Physicians for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

candidates, probably because this was a new position in the NGO sector and there were few specialists. They interviewed two people with security experience in the private sector and the military; my curriculum vitae did not interest them at first. My standard humanitarian career path in NGOs and international organisations meant I had only a few months’ experience in that type of position. However, my 2002 Master’s memoire on aid workers’ security in Afghanistan (‘Quelle place

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

go to the International Rescue Committee (IRC) base or another international organisation’s local office to ask for Wi-Fi access, or any other way to file my piece with my editors. Such dependency leaves its mark on the articles produced by reporters. Of the 58 pieces written by journalists sent to the DRC between 1996 and 2010 and analysed as part of my master’s thesis, 52 per cent (30 of 58 articles) mentioned at least one humanitarian organisation, international NGO or

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

the main sewage system. The community insisted that the IRC include a quota of hires for all ETU positions directly from the community. Youth leaders agreed to work with the district leadership, the Liberian government and international organisations to raise awareness of Ebola through a new outreach program that included the training of district and community task forces. The community liaison assistant held weekly meetings with the community Ebola task forces and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

costs, or the criminalisation of NGOs involved in rescuing migrants. The latter began in the Central Mediterranean no later than the early 2000s with the prosecution of Enrico Tavolata for rescuing 151 migrants in 2002 and the arrest of Elias Bierdel, the captain of the Cap Anamur , in 2004 ( Klepp, 2011 : 261–88; Bierdel, 2006 ). What may be new is a ‘new model of humanitarian engagement’ ( Fiori, 2019 : 62) that cannot be easily coopted by nation-states and international organisations (see also Stierl, 2018 : 719–21). 25 And what is certainly new, I would like

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

. IASC ( 2013 ), IASC Non-Binding Guidelines on the Use of Armed Escorts for Humanitarian Convoys . Geneva and New York : Inter-Agency Standing Committee . IASC ( 2015 ), Saving Lives Together: A Framework for Improving Security Arrangements among International Non-Governmental Organisations/International Organisations and the United Nations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

). Communication . Some members of the GoSS have experience working with international organisations, however many are new to engaging with these relationships. One of the reasons for unsatisfactory processes and outcomes is misunderstandings between government staff and personnel of international partners ( UNDP, 2013 ; World Bank, 2011 ). Ensuring that the roles, responsibilities and expectations are clear and that requirements are understood requires an investment of time and resources for building relationships, common ground and mutual understanding. Donors and large

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The quest for the right to science
Marco Cappato

, as well as legal restrictions, seem to change dramatically if, instead of seeking a cure, the ‘alteration’ of our consciousness is done just for the sake of it. This chapter will focus mainly upon the prohibition of narcotics and other psychoactive substances, and its impact on science. I will discuss how international organisations, particularly the United Nations, have intervened over the years to regulate and control the use and distribution of psychoactive substances. There are three main international conventions that deal with psychoactive substances. The

in The freedom of scientific research