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Sophie Roborgh

2286 mention ‘[p]roviding reparations and assistance to victims and restoring essential services’ only as their final point ( UN Secretary-General, 2016 : 10, Recommendation 13). It also overlooks the fact that incident accounts have value in themselves for those providing them. Currently, contributors’ accounts can be excluded for failing to meet the (externally imposed) threshold, even though it is concern for the lives of these same healthcare workers and the broader

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
‘Case history’ on violence against women, and against women’s rights to health and to reproductive health
Sara De Vido

committed through state laws and policies. The bi-dimensional relationship will be explored using the jurisprudence of regional human rights courts and the activity of international human rights bodies, along with some relevant national judgments and state practice. I will study the decisions following three axes, which correspond to specific questions: 1. Who are the applicants? 2. Has the right to health been applied directly? In which ways was women’s health relevant in the decision? 3. What reparations, if any, have been granted to the person(s) whose rights have

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Open Access (free)
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido

184 DE VIDO 9781526124975 PRINT.indd 184 24/03/2020 11:01 The treatment use the means they have to adequately investigate abuses committed to determine who was responsible, to take appropriate steps against such individuals, and to guarantee victim redress and reparations.’46 As clearly outlined by the African Commission on human and people rights in the case Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum v. Zimbabwe: [an] act by a private individual and therefore not directly imputable to a State can generate responsibility of the State, not because of the act itself, but

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
The prognosis
Sara De Vido

of VAW as an international custom, confirming the proposal of the CEDAW Committee in GR No. 35 of 2017. Women’s rights to health and to reproductive health have underpinned the assessment: even though often not applied directly, these rights have played a role in determining the consequences of violence (horizontal dimension), the causes of violence (vertical dimension), state responsibility, how to decide reparations and the general measures states must adopt. This way, the content of the right to health and of the right to reproductive health has been clarified

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
A conceptualisation of violence against women’s health (VAWH)
Sara De Vido

conduct. I also pointed out the importance of intersectionality in the analysis of ‘patterns of discrimination,’ which will prove to be helpful in theorising states’ obligations, and in reflecting on reparations. Compared to the notion of VAW, I added to the notion of VAWH the element of consent, which expresses and gives strength to women’s autonomy. VAWH is a limitation of women’s autonomy and alters their consent. Challenges to the public/private divide My concept allows us to reflect on the ‘public/private divide’ developed, and challenged soon after its

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Open Access (free)
The narrative
Sara De Vido

. 13 DE VIDO 9781526124975 PRINT.indd 13 24/03/2020 11:01 Violence against women’s health in international law Structure of the book The first chapter contains the anamnesis and is based on the analysis of selected jurisprudence of regional human rights and domestic courts, and of the quasi-jurisprudence of UN treaty bodies, related to both dimensions, focusing on the applicants, the direct or indirect application of the rights to health and reproductive health, the relevance of women’s health in the analysis and reparations. The second chapter, the diagnosis

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Anne Marie Losonczy

Since the early 1990s, armed actors have invaded territories in the Chocó and Antioquia departments of Colombia, inhabited by Afro-Colombians and Indians whose collective rights in these territories had recently been legally recognised. Based on long-term fieldwork among the Emberá Katío, this article examines social, cosmological and ritual alterations and re-organisation around violent death. Following a national policy of post-conflict reparations, public exhumations and identifications of human remains reveal new local modes of understanding and administration. In particular, suicide, hitherto completely unknown to the Emberá, broke out in a multitude of cases, mostly among the youth. Local discourse attributes this phenomenon to the number of stray corpses resulting from the violence, who are transformed into murderous spirits which shamans can no longer control. The analysis focusses on the unprecedented articulation of a renewed eschatology, the intricate effects of an internal political reorganisation and the simultaneous inroad into their space of new forms of armed insurrectional violence. Thus the article will shed light on the emergence of a new transitional moral economy of death among the Emberá.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal