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Tony Fitzpatrick

judgement (Bauman, 2001: Ch. 6). This practical judgement is what I here term ‘care’, defined as a means of negotiating between abstract justice claims and context-sensitivity. I am not going to spend much time defining care as this is covered thoroughly in the literature referenced below (also Kymlicka, 2002: 398–420) – see also the discussion of New Labour and care work in Chapter 2.4 In essence, though, care involves the following key features. Care implies interdependency, i.e. an alternative to the independence/dependence distinction that infects social policy with

in After the new social democracy
Rainer Forst

reason’ or ‘burdens of judgment’ that inevitably narrow the realm of what persons can reasonably agree to. Even those who are seeking to reach a normative consensus and who share ‘a common human reason’ in the sense that ‘they can draw inferences, weigh evidence, and balance competing considerations’31 may not reach a consensus owing to various limits on their capacities for reasonable theoretical and practical judgement. The most important burden Rawls mentions is that the way individuals assess evidence and weigh moral and political values is shaped by their total

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Problems of polysemy and idealism
Andrew Sayer

opportunity costs is a non-trivial transhistorical fact about all economies. In simple economies, and in many situations in advanced economies, opportunity costs are transparent enough to be estimated and be evaluated in real terms (i.e. in terms of use-values through practical judgement; see O’Neill, 1994), without the aid of money and prices. The notion of an economy as an array of opportunity costs is a useful one, but since the existence of such an array is only contingently related to real markets, it is both absurd and tendentious to refer to it as ‘the market’. Real

in Market relations and the competitive process