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The Vichy consulates
Nicholas Atkin

families in France, and the passing on of military and political intelligence – remains a moot point. The diplomatic community in London: adieu On 26 June 1940, a day after the terms of the Franco-German Armistice had been broadcast, a po-faced Charles Corbin, French ambassador to Britain and a veteran advocate of Anglo-French friendship, made his way to the Foreign Office. There he was received by the Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax, to whom he made known both his resignation, a ‘sad decision’, and the urgent need for ‘new representation in London’.9 The embassy, he

in The forgotten French
Open Access (free)
Nursing work and nurses’ space in the Second World War: a gendered construction
Jane Brooks

World War’, in Jane Brooks and Christine E. Hallett (eds), One Hundred Years of Wartime Nursing Practices, 1854–1953 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015); Kirsty Harris, More than Bombs and Bandages: Australian Army Nurses at Work in World War I (Newport: Big Sky Publishing, 2011); Ruth Rae, Scarlet Poppies: The Army Experience of Australian Nurses during World War I (Burwood: College of Nursing, 2004). 12 Monica Baly, Nursing and Social Change (London: Routledge, 1995), 154. 13 Anne Marie Rafferty, The Politics of Nursing Knowledge (London: Routledge

in Negotiating nursing
Open Access (free)
Medicine, care and rehabilitation
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin and Steven Thompson

from Jones’s We Live, Hanlin contrasts the wealth generated by coal for owners and, more broadly, for the British Empire’s ‘glittering cities’ against the cost to the miner’s body and disruption to political solidarity when faced with the fear of falling into poverty. Importantly, the miner’s body came to be politicised during the nineteenth century, and figured as a central concern in the industrial politics of the coal industry, perhaps as much as wages and hours.23 At a general level, the ‘toll of the mine’ on the lives and limbs of colliery workers served as an

in Disability in industrial Britain
Mike Huggins

spoke with passion. Many, though not all, were Christians, with a faith that transcended the material world. Their dominant rhetoric reflected a long-standing and powerful Protestant tradition. Although they were in a minority, they often held power within local communities. They were leaders in politics, on the magistrates’ bench, press editors or local businessmen. What they said could not be ignored. Punters saw the displayed notices banning betting in public houses, the notices about the consequences of betting outside churches, or came across reports of anti

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39
Jane Brooks

were used to feminise men’s work ‘for the duration’, sometimes by the employers to enable them to pay women less8 and sometimes by the women themselves to retain their femininity, including the clothes they wore, hairstyles and make-­up.9 The pioneering use of women within the highly dangerous Special 60 Challenging nursing spaces Operations Executive (SOE) appears to suggest an inclusive attitude towards women’s active participation in the war effort. However, being women not only influenced the work that they did as spies but also linked the efficacy of their

in Negotiating nursing
John J. Hurt

Parlements of Dijon, Toulouse, Rennes and Aix all voted to communicate the edicts to their respective estates, without even deliberating on them. Obviously they hoped to use the estates’ fiscal and negotiating powers against the edicts, and they succeeded everywhere except in Burgundy. On 19 June 1671, the Parlement of Dijon voted to transmit the edicts to the procureur syndic, who took them to the élus, the executive committee of the Estates. Disappointingly, however, the élus chose not to ask the Parlement to delay registering the edicts, definitively ending the political

in Louis XIV and the parlements
Open Access (free)
Achievement and self-doubt
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

Ratcliffe’s wing. It was equally true that many university registrars owed their training and inspiration to Vincent Knowles, maintaining, even as they infiltrated other institutions, a camaraderie so close that they were known as the Manchester Mafia and he (in the wake of Mario Puzo’s novels and the resulting films) as the Godfather. Professors of Politics up and down the country were still likely to have had formative experiences in Manchester’s large and prestigious Department of Government, which had been one of the great exporters of talent in the 1960s. By 1981

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Louis James

CAM activities there he found that Jamaica was working out its own cultural agenda, and was in social and political turmoil. In 1969 CAM joined with the New World Group on the campus to run Sunday morning seminars on ‘The arts in the Caribbean today’. However, CAM’s major activity there became the publication of the periodical, Savacou , from 1970 to 1979, edited mainly by Brathwaite, Salkey and

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
The canadianizing 1920s
Katie Pickles

satisfaction of masculine needs, the preservation of British cultural and political predominance in the dominions by the breeding of new generations from fresh British stock, and the sustaining of economic production and prosperity through the stimulus of more marriage, higher birth rates, population growth and larger markets. 10

in Female imperialism and national identity
Edward M. Spiers

From the outset of Gordon’s mission doubts existed about whether it was an advisory or an executive role, about what Gordon could accomplish once appointed governor-general of the Sudan and about what would happen if his life became endangered. Whatever Gordon’s motives, 1 he felt compelled to remain in Khartoum and the Government dared not order him to withdraw. As the Mahdist siege

in The Victorian soldier in Africa