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psychologically damaging and returning them to cultural surroundings – and possibly the care of colonial medical authorities – in the places where they ‘belonged’. Migration was a cornerstone of European empires in Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Over the course of time African subjects of European empires migrated within colonies from rural areas to urban areas, from areas with depressed

in Beyond the state

fact that the majority of the region’s population is employed in the agricultural sector, this has serious implications for social stability, and possibly for security. It was reported that ecological deterioration led to the internal migration of 70,000 Kazakhstanis in 1996.89 Similarly, it is estimated that 20 per cent of agricultural jobs in Uzbekistan are superfluous.90 Degradation of agricultural land, demographic pressures, unemployment and underemployment may translate into major population movement, group competition for economic, political and social

in Limiting institutions?
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’

migration policy and equality. The emergence of forums for the discussion of legislation and the use of public resources has been a visible part of the state’s structure, which has also reproduced itself at the level of regional autonomous states, although the politics and general orientation of those levels can limit or enhance such dialogue. The role of the Consejo Economic y Social as a national informative and consultative body that includes a range of organisations has been important in sustaining forms of dialogue across the different spheres and interests of

in Making work more equal
International man of stories

which contains considerable symbolic complexity. He has deployed this seductive yet dynamic combination of simplicity and sophistication to analyse characters coming to terms with social and political circumstances that often induce severe strain, and which force them to face up to awkward questions about morality, politics and personal responsibility. I have argued that Tales from Firozsha Baag encodes questions of belonging, migration and identity in a text which is, at the same time, testing generic boundaries and mimicking and rejecting the clichés of literary

in Rohinton Mistry
Open Access (free)
The predicament of history

activity, despite the magnitude of the great migration from the Caribbean. No cafés or book or record shops or dance halls carry commemorative plaques, or retain a place in the larger collective memory. 1 Even educated opinion can still profess a certain puzzlement that there could be such a thing as an intellectual tradition deriving from the experience of the Caribbean, testament to the

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
David Lloyd’s work

has said, ‘that brings to light the contradictory nature of the powerful and remarkably effective institutional logic of culture’ (p. 73). Now, we learn, these anti-colonial critiques do something rather similar. chapter7 21/12/04 11:19 am Page 133 Theorising race, racism and culture 133 They expose ‘the inherently contradictory metaphoric logic of identity’ (p. 83). If racist and anti-racist discourses are so similar in effect, if not in intention, what need for anti-racism? In a sense Lloyd himself turns Salih’s novel Season of Migration to the North (1969

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Sharing anthropology

general monograph of a similar length published in 1954. Otherwise, Rouch's most significant published work was a detailed report on his post-doctoral research into migration from the edge of Sahel to the cities on the coast of West Africa. This ran to almost two hundred pages and appeared in 1956 in a French academic journal, directly complementing the films that he was making at the same time. But he also published a considerable number of other articles and reports on migration, and an even greater quantity of articles about ethnographic film

in Beyond observation
Open Access (free)

-level statistics from the 2011 census show that 90 per cent of Cheadle Hulme residents, 82 per cent of Chorlton residents and 48 per cent of Whalley Range residents were white. This compares with the Manchester average of 67 per cent white. Thirty-one per cent of Whalley Range residents were Asian/British and 10 per cent Black/ Black British. International migration also figures more strongly in Whalley Range, where 26 per cent of the population were born outside the United Kingdom or EU, compared to 9 per cent of those from Chorlton and 7 per cent from Cheadle Hulme.4 In terms

in All in the mix
Open Access (free)
Postcolonial women writers in a transnational frame

bringing these queries round full circle: is it the case, as this study may itself imply on several occasions, that the nation’s exclusion of women has contributed (along with postmodern theories of identity as fluid and multiple) to the retreat of the nation and the rise of the transnational as a horizon of expectation for postcolonial women writers and critics? The contemporary understanding of the transnational/translocal is obviously closely informed not only by policies and processes relating to globalisation, but by theories of migration and diaspora. These, while

in Stories of women
Open Access (free)

their “out-migration and subsequent return [which], along with tourism, have precipitated an unprecedented degree of cultural self-awareness, canonization of tradition, and pride” (Matory, 2008 , p. 950). Around the cricket pitch, the Mavericks use a “wide ball” or a spectacularly hit “four” on a cricket trip as the impetus to recall personal and broader social histories, and deal with the pain of temporal and

in Sport in the Black Atlantic