Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
New pasts, presents and futures: time and
space in family migrant networks between
Kosovo and western Europe
For many families in Kosovo, migration is an integral part of life. This is true even if
they do not themselves migrate but, rather, seem ‘stuck’ in a village such as the one
in south Kosovo where I conducted fieldwork between 2011 and 2013.1 In fact, in
this village, and throughout almost all of Kosovo, there is what one might term a
‘culture’ of migration. Every person has close family members who are living or have
interpreted postsocialist Tuzla's war-damaged, privatised landscape, Tuzla's distinctive wartime history of resisting ethnonationalism in local government or enduring a targeted VRS mortar massacre of civilian teenagers, or indeed the stakes of the wider Bosnian war? Race, as well as ethnicity, is an essential category for understanding the micropolitics of postsocialism, and for situating the Yugoslav wars more widely in late-twentieth-century European history.
The Yugoslav wars, European racisms and the ‘migration–security nexus
Emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence
The spiritual empire at home:
emigration and the spread of
Irish religious influence
The idea that mass migration from nineteenth-century Ireland
created an Irish ‘empire’ has had enduring appeal. It proved a rare
source of pride during depressed periods in independent Ireland,
particularly the 1940s and 1950s, and provided the basis of an evocative title for at least one popular version of the Irish diaspora’s story as
late as the turn of this century.1 In the latter context especially, ‘Irish
empire’ can appear simply a wry play on a far more common and not
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith
migration. Through voyaging and migration,
islander societies expanded, creating and sustaining zones of engagement for
millennia before Europeans came. Travel stimulated an imaginary of exchange,
the second theme. Exchange cannot be understood with a utilitarian mindset;
it is rather an expression of relationship, association and alliance –engagement
broadly speaking. The third theme is the new world context. European colonialism conjoined the Pacific to other civilisations in more extensive engagement.
This was a violent and disordering historical experience for the
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson and Roiyah Saltus
interpreted. Here local issues, such as histories of migration and resistance,
and national contexts, such as debates about devolution and the 2014 Scottish
Independence referendum, impact on reactions to anti-immigration campaigns.
Whereas in Ealing and Hounslow (West London), for example, the Go Home van's
appearance played into divisive discourses of respectability among established
migrants and British citizens (discussed in
What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
formation, forced migration and genocide that invite seeing its past and present through the lens of ethnopolitical and religious conflict. Moreover, as part of ‘eastern’ rather than ‘western’ Europe, and without its own history as an imperial power, it did not experience the mass migration from outside ‘Europe’ of millions of people whose identities would be racialised as non-white. Studies of how ideas of ‘race’ have circulated and been adapted across the globe, for their part, themselves still almost always pass over the east of Europe and its state socialist past. The
Talk of population:
the clergy and emigration in principle
Migration from nineteenth-century Ireland, no less than migration
from any other society, was driven primarily by an economic imperative. Whether attracted by the promise of a better life in Britain or
the New World, or feeling compelled to leave by a lack of opportunity at home, most Irish emigrants determined their course based on
a rational assessment of their own and their family’s best economic
interests.1 Accordingly, as Professor David Fitzpatrick has eloquently
observed, ‘for its opponents as
Through a study of the British Empire's largest women's patriotic organisation, formed in 1900 and still in existence, this book examines the relationship between female imperialism and national identity. It throws light on women's involvement in imperialism; on the history of ‘conservative’ women's organisations; on women's interventions in debates concerning citizenship and national identity; and on the history of women in white settler societies. After placing the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire (IODE) in the context of recent scholarly work in Canadian, gender and imperial history, and post-colonial theory, the book follows the IODE's history through the twentieth century. Chapters focus upon the IODE's attempts to create a British Canada through its maternal feminist work in education, health, welfare and citizenship. In addition, the book reflects on the IODE's responses to threats to Anglo-Canadian hegemony posed by immigration, World Wars and Communism, and examines the complex relationship between imperial loyalty and settler nationalism. Tracing the organisation into the postcolonial era, where previous imperial ideas are outmoded, it considers the transformation from patriotism to charity, and the turn to colonisation at home in the Canadian North.
In July 2013, the UK government arranged for a van to drive through parts of
London carrying the message ‘In the UK illegally? GO HOME or face arrest.’ The
vans were short-lived, but they were part of an ongoing trend in
government-sponsored communication designed to demonstrate control and toughness
around immigration. This book explores the effects of such performances of
toughness: on policy, on public debate, on pro-migrant and anti-racist activism,
and on the everyday lives of people in Britain. This book both presents research
findings, and provides insights into the practice of conducting research on such
a charged and sensitive topic. Blending original research, theoretical
analysis, and methodological reflections, the book addresses questions such
Who gets to decide who ‘belongs’?
How do anti-migrant
sentiments relate to changing forms of racism?
Are new divisions, and
new solidarities, emerging in the light of current immigration
Written in a clear and engaging style, the book sets an
agenda for a model of collaborative research between researchers, activists, and
people on the ground.
increasing in number. Anthropologists of the area have long studied the labour
migration of the original communities they have investigated, usually of South
Europeans moving into urban Northern Europe (e.g. Davis 1977: 29–41; Brettell
1986). But it is only in the last decade that some have begun to examine the social
consequences of the arrival of rural jobseekers from outside these countries. The
almost continuous nature of this immigration and its high profile in the mass media
only serve to make its anthropological investigation all the more urgent.
The reasons for