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Sabine Clarke

created in Miami, Los Angeles and Chicago that worked to attract American business to Puerto Rico. The Public Relations department placed articles in the press, published pamphlets, staged exhibitions and produced films. Moscoso engaged the services of the advertising executive David Ogilvy, who devised a campaign that ran in American newspapers and magazines. The campaign aimed to change the image of Puerto Rico as a backward island and instead sell it as an economically attractive and politically stable place for American business to set up factories. Puerto Rico was

in Science at the end of empire
Neil Macmaster

and patriarchy would expose them in the UN and among international opinion as reactionaries. How the FLN responded to this dual challenge during the war was to set the scene, as will be shown in chapter 11, for the post-independence political marginalisation of women and the long-term failure of a reform agenda. M1822 - MACMASTER TEXT.indd 315 21/7/09 12:16:29 316 Burning the veil The ad hoc mobilisation of women The most interesting and dynamic phase of women’s direct engagement in the war came during 1955–57, a more open and experimental period that carried

in Burning the veil
Crucial collaboration, hidden conflicts
Markku Hokkanen

Malekebu of the Providence Industrial Mission (PIM), a Malawian who had obtained his medical qualifications in the United States. Malekebu was viewed with some suspicion by the authorities, probably because his mission had been at the heart of the Chilembwe Rising in 1915. In 1927, Malekebu’s status as a mission doctor was considered by the highest levels of the colonial government, with the Executive Council

in Beyond the state
Open Access (free)
‘A vote the same as any other person’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips and Shurlee Swain

. 87 NAC, MG 26A, Macdonald Papers, vol. 441, part 1, p. 218265, 1 April 1887, Petition on behalf of the Executive Committee of the Manitowaning Liberal–Conservative Association. 88 NAC, RG 10, vol. 2284, file 57169–1, Political Status of Six Nations, 1890–1920, Letter to HRH the

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Daughters of the Empire, mothers in their own homes, 1929–45
Katie Pickles

Canadian life’. 41 Individual members and local chapters varied in their sensitivity; national and provincial levels were especially rigorous. Rumoured reports of weakness towards internees made it into the national minutes. The national executive in Toronto, having been informed that on the Prairies chapters were supplying magazines and cigarettes to ‘enemy aliens’ in internment camps, responded: ‘This

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)
Maureen Mulholland

. Would the papers be primarily concerned with the notion of ‘trial’ in the abstract, or would each essay be on particular kinds of trial, or on individual trials? If the latter, would these be famous trials or typical examples of a genre? Would they concentrate on procedure and on the jurisprudence of trial, on social context and background, on politics, or on trial as ritual, as drama or as symbol? The approach of the lawyer and legal historian to the subject of trial or trials will be different from that of the social, political or economic historian; the lawyer is

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
Michael Woolcock, Simon Szreter and Vijayendra Rao

obscuring the less savoury aspects of that process (slavery, colonialism, exploitation, suppression, theft).13 Moreover, they argue, as part of this obfuscation, the mantra of ‘development’ enables the rich to lecture the poor about their putative political, cultural and moral failings, doing so as a pretext to encouraging (if not forcing) them to buy goods and resources (by going deeply into debt) and/or to adopt policy measures, institutional reforms and behavioural traits that they are told will surely correct these failings (but in fact will most likely serve only to

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Vaccine policy and production in Japan
Julia Yongue

health authorities have dealt with outbreaks and prevention. The historical legacy From an early date, the state played the key role in the formation of Japan's distinct approach to dealing with the spread of infectious disease. In the 1630s, the Tokugawa government (1603–1868) officially closed the country to contact with the outside world for some 250 years. This was not simply a momentous political decision. By limiting

in The politics of vaccination
India and America
Peter D.G. Thomas

meaningful offer was made to the Bedfordite group, and none at all to Grenville. Pitt at first merely sought to construct a ministry from an alliance of his own small band of followers with some Bute men and a rump of Rockinghamites. That arrangement was one of the two alternative possibilities envisaged by political observers. The other would have been a ministry based on Pitt’s brothers-in-law Lord Temple and George Grenville, together with the Bedford party, an arrangement that would in some opinions have led to a more efficient ministry than the one Pitt created. That

in George III
The case of colonial India and Africa
C. A. Bayly

seem to privilege ‘good’ institutions of a north-western European variety and this runs counter to the cultural relativism which influences most historians of the extra-European world today. While AJR attribute the ‘reversal of fortune’ of other societies to the form of European colonialism rather than to intrinsic civilisational inadequacy, the invocation of ‘good’ colonial institutions has an uncomfortable feel about it for some. It might seem to revive the language of nineteenth-century classical political economy pervading the work of writers such as John Stuart

in History, historians and development policy