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Patrick Doyle

On 21 January 1919 a meeting of twenty-seven Sinn Féin MPs at Dublin's Mansion House inaugurated Dáil Eireann. This opening of a newly constituted revolutionary Irish Parliament marked a new phase in nationalist claims for Irish self-rule. The 73 representatives from the Sinn Féin party elected at the December 1918 General Election made up the Dáil's membership, and in fulfilment of their promise to the electorate refused to take their seats at Westminster. The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) paid the political cost of Sinn Féin's electoral

in Civilising rural Ireland
A national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s
Duncan Wilson

6 Consolidating the ‘ethics industry’: a national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s During the 1980s many of the individuals who were pivotal to the making of British bioethics sought to establish what the British Medical Journal identified as a ‘national bioethics committee’.1 Ian Kennedy, for one, regularly called for a politically funded committee based on the American President’s Commission, and his proposals were often endorsed by newspapers and other bioethicists. They were also endorsed by senior figures at the BMA, who believed a national

in The making of British bioethics
Nico Randeraad

somewhat different from an obsession with numbers), but were it not for the gravitational force of Quetelet’s personality, they probably never would have sought each other out. It helped that Quetelet was Belgian. Belgium was a guiding nation for progressive Europe. As a small, neutral, nonthreatening country, it could afford to assert a certain degree of independence from the great powers. The revolutions of 1848 did not leave Belgium wholly unscathed, but the political fallout was less dramatic than elsewhere. Radical democrats had had the wind taken out of their sails

in States and statistics in the nineteenth century
Joy Damousi

6 Viola Bernard and the case study of race in post-war America Joy Damousi The writings and political activism of Viola Bernard, a psychoanalyst of German-Jewish background who practised in New York during the twentieth century, provide a further prism through which to consider the genre of the case study, as well as broader questions concerning intersections between culture, politics and the discourses of psychiatry and psychoanalysis. A resilient political and social activist, Bernard was committed to many progressive causes. These included support of trade

in A history of the case study
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

given the central right of initiative in all fields relating to legislation and an almost exclusive executive authority. The Commission President should be elected by the European Parliament and confirmed by the European Council (of heads of state and government). As a counterpart, the Commission would be politically accountable before these two MUP_Torbion_09_Ch9 207 22/9/03, 3:41 pm 208 Destination Europe bodies. The European Parliament would be given the same legislative powers as the Council of Ministers, while the veto power within the latter would be

in Destination Europe
Open Access (free)
Empire, migration and the 1928 English Schoolgirl Tour
Katie Pickles

provides a case study of how the reality was not so simple. The IODE collaborated with the SOSBW in this impressive cross-Canada tour. In its organization, itinerary and subjects, the tour provides a vivid snapshot of the IODE’s ideal Canada. The itinerary formed a narrative of superior British-based culture, economy and politics in a modern resource-rich, technologically advanced, democratic Canadian

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

Britain’s colonies through development. For historians of the Caribbean, the strikes and riots of the interwar period are a defining moment on the journey towards political independence. 4 These widespread instances of rebellion illustrate the agency of the subject populations of the British West Indies as people seized the opportunity to protest their grievances over issues such as the slow pace of political change, low wages, inadequate food and housing and the racism they experienced from their employers. 5 The consequences for the British

in Science at the end of empire
Patrick Doyle

vision for the IAOS that saw people of all political and religious stripes united behind a project to promote ‘the welfare of the agricultural classes’. Plunkett's appeal for cross-societal support to spread the principle of co-operation stood out in a context of fractious debates about what direction Ireland's political future should take. As someone who studied the condition of Irish agriculture, Plunkett concluded that farmers worked within an exploitative system. Farmers bought too dear and sold too cheap; transport costs remained too high; inadequate credit

in Civilising rural Ireland
Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s
Duncan Wilson

the United States, on Ivan Illich’s critique of professions and, perhaps most significantly, on the work of American bioethicists such as Paul Ramsey and Jay Katz. But while there was little new in Kennedy’s calls for external involvement, they were certainly more influential than earlier British proposals. This owed a great deal to the changing political climate in the 1980s. Kennedy’s arguments dovetailed with a central belief of the Conservative government that was elected in 1979, which believed that professions should be exposed to outside scrutiny in order to

in The making of British bioethics
Claude McKay’s experience and analysis of Britain
Winston James

the ‘Red Summer’ by James Weldon Johnson, black poet and executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. 14 The Red Summer had a catalytic effect upon McKay. He was transformed into a revolutionary. It was his open, militant and courageous response that first brought him into the limelight. And it was for his reaction to 1919, ‘If we must die’, that he is most

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain