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2 The power politics of representation Saami poet Nils-​Aslak Valkeapää called for a vision of the Arctic as a horizontal highway of movement and conversation, with its treeless expanses providing opportunity to roam and the long polar nights providing opportunity to talk and listen (1998). This evocative image of a highway of interconnection is a counterpoint to the typical ways in which the Arctic is divided by standard maps and globes, with North–​South political lines transecting the Saami homeland in the European North. Maps, films, poetry and policy

in Arctic governance
Open Access (free)

political science apparently has this character. (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics , Book 1:2) A good politician is quite as unthinkable as an honest burglar. (H. L. Mencken, Prejudices , 1925) Readers will peruse this book in vain if they seek an outline of the British political system

in Understanding political ideas and movements
A reply from Saturday Night to Mr. Dienstag

rate at which a director might turn out B-movies. There are, however, great films, just as there are great operas. How did/does opera function? What is it about music and voice? Mr. Cavell’s last claim – one we have known since Plato – is that the interplay between the “personal” and the “political” is such that they cast light on each other and show what possibilities for

in Cinema, democracy and perfectionism

relations, this study will deploy a combination of several to capture its complex reality. The Middle East is arguably the epicentre of world crisis, chronically war-prone and the site of the world’s most protracted conflicts. It appears to be the region where the anarchy and insecurity seen by the realist school of international politics as the main feature of states systems remains most in evidence and where the realist paradigm retains its greatest relevance. Yet neo-realism’s 1 a-historical tendency to assume states systems to be unchanging

in The international politics of the Middle East

List of Entries acquis communitaire Action Directe additionality Additional Member System (AMS) adversary politics Aegean Sea dispute Algerian conflict (1954–62) Alternative Vote System (AV) Amsterdam Treaty animal rights anti-capitalist riots antifa groups [See: anti-fascism] anti

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Open Access (free)

Parliament MSP Member of the Scottish Parliament PR Proportional Representation STV Single Transferable Vote USA United States of America USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Political parties ADR/CADJ Action Committee for Democracy and Justice (Luxembourg)/Aktiounskomitee fir Demokratie a Gerechtegkeet; Comité d’Action pour la Démocratie et la Justice AGALEV

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
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going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way – in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on it being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only. (Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities , 1859) Politics takes place within a framework of

in Understanding political ideas and movements

Environmentalism and ecologism constitute one of the most recent ideological movements. Though the terms are often used interchangeably, it is more useful to regard ecologism as a philosophy that believes in a thorough-going root and branch transformation of society, whereas environmentalism believes that dangers to the environment can be tackled within the existing political

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)

in Carrero Blanco’s government of 1973. When Carrero Blanco was assassinated by terrorists in December 1973, Arias Navarro succeeded him as Prime Minister. He was faced with the difficult task of promoting a gradual political liberalisation to ensure a peaceful transfer of executive power from the failing Franco to King Juan Carlos. He was reappointed by King Juan Carlos after Franco’s death in 1975 but the King was

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Open Access (free)

Although Marxism and even anarchism are sometimes treated as if they are simply varieties of socialism, we consider that they have sufficiently distinctive characteristics to warrant separate treatment. Starting with Marxism, we examine Marx’s theories of history, economics and politics before discussing the controversies within Marx-inspired political organisations in the

in Understanding political ideas and movements