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broadcasters and government aid policy and administration. In Part III , ‘Reporting Refuge and Risk’, we focus on the movement of people displaced by conflicts and explore the longer histories of this current ‘crisis’. Pierluigi Musarò, in chapter 7 , ‘European Borderscapes: The Management of Migration between Care and Control’, considers both state and non-state media campaigns associated with Mediterranean border controls

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
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Crossing the seas

privileges of empire were their due. 1 These photographic images, and those of the flickering, monochrome newsreels which accompany them, have now come to compose a social archive. They serve to fix the collective memory of the momentous transformation of postwar migration. At the same time, however, their very familiarity works to conceal other angles of vision. We become so habituated to the logic of

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
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The potential and limits of EU development cooperation policy

more prominently than before (Article 11). The inclusion of migration extends the agreement and accommodates growing European concerns explicitly (Article 13). The Cotonou Agreement also proposes finally to end the preferential trade margins accorded to non-least developed ACP states in favour of more liberal free trade agreements strongly shaped by the WTO agenda (Article 36). These changes need to be seen in the context of the April 2000 elaboration of new Commission guidelines for development policy. These include the desire 149 EUD9 10/28/03 3:16 PM Page 150

in EU development cooperation

speculation about a policy rethink, but Hague stuck at the general election by his position of detaining ‘all new applicants for asylum, whether port applicants or incountry applicants, in reception centres until their cases have been heard’.26 Widdecombe was also critical of Labour’s proposals for changes to the migration system allowing more skilled workers to settle in the UK, claiming that the existing work permit system was sufficient. Nationhood and identity 191 In his most controversial speech, Hague warned the 2001 Conservative spring forum that Britain after a

in The Conservatives in Crisis

country located in the wrong continent’.10 It was the Great Famine of the mid-nineteenth century and subsequent mass migrations which, supposedly, converted Ireland from an Atlantic country to an American one. This shift in cultural geography was sustained, according to Dunkerely, by a ‘superabundance of myth’11 but was also validated by the one million Irish people who became US citizens in the second half of the nineteenth century. From this perspective, it is easy to leap to another end of century and an economistic reading which would ‘place’ Ireland as an ‘outpost

in The end of Irish history?
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, Telling Stories: Postcolonial Short Fiction in English.5 As the title suggests, Davis is attentive to the formal mixing of ‘ethnic’ writing in Canada, and sees the short story cycle, with its defining generic hybridity, as a particularly pertinent model for modern Canadian literature, especially equipped to convey ‘the doubleness of the between-worlds subject’.6 Issues of migrations, multiculturalism and the contextual Morey_Mistry_06_Ch6 153 9/6/04, 4:16 pm 154 Rohinton Mistry background to contemporary Canadian writing also preoccupy Linda Hutcheon and Marion

in Rohinton Mistry
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Regina Maria Roche, the Minerva Press, and the bibliographic spread of Irish gothic fiction

, ultimately proves disastrous for him, it serves several important purposes. First, it highlights the wholesale migration of Irish print culture in this period. Second, it emphasises the precariousness of London literary life for Irish émigré authors like Roche herself. Third, it points to the acute awareness Roche shared with many of her contemporaries of her participation in what Karen O’Brien calls ‘a borderless and mobile European and transatlantic culture of fiction’ that enabled and encouraged cultural transfer and an ongoing reconfiguration of Irishness during the

in The gothic novel in Ireland, c. 1760–1829
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. Castoriadis’s theory of the imaginary institution informs my development of a notion of inter-​civilisational engagement in which civilisations acquire meaning at the point of inter-​relationship with other social, historical and cultural forms; that is, other civilisational patterns, to use Arnason’s phrase. To recount, there are four dimensions to this inter-​relationship. Interaction occurs through migration, economic relations, cultural exchange and the extension of models of polity and civilisation. The four dimensions of inter-​civilisational engagement featured in

in Debating civilisations
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assisted emigration, a far greater body of parish clergy responded to their parishioners in providing occasionally reluctant, but often vital facilitation of independent migration. In particular, the priest’s role in kick-starting local ‘chains’ of emigration by soliciting passage money and handling correspondence and remittances should be acknowledged as important. Although the clergy had therefore been forced to concede that the economic imperative would always trump any cautionary tales of spiritual ruin they had cause to dispense, as the hierarchy’s 1902 statement

in Population, providence and empire
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the Caribbean diaspora in general is insufficient: “We must distinguish between Caribbean New York, Caribbean London or Caribbean Berlin” Schmidt ( 2008 , p. 30) warns. The politics of the place of residence as it intersects with migrants’ class status, gender, time since migration, sporting performance and other characteristics will have a profound influence on how they interact with the diaspora and the

in Sport in the Black Atlantic