authors were not the first to reject aspects of the Borromean episcopate, though it had not previously been done publicly. The
bishop of Bologna, Paleotti, had criticised what he considered to be Borromeo’s excessively centralised control of his clergy, his extreme austerity and
his inability to compromise with those less rigorous than himself.143 Agostino
Valier, another prominent post-Trent bishop, privately reproved Borromeo’s
rigid defence of ecclesiastical jurisdiction in his correspondence with Federico
Borromeo, and counselled Federico not to attempt to imitate
This chapter enumerates the life and works of Dr Martin Luther, from the perspective of his lifelong antagonist Johannes Cochlaeus. It notes some peculiarities during his stay with the Monastery of the brothers of St Augustine, either from some secret commerce with a Demon, or from the disease of epilepsy; fraud after he was made Doctor in Theology; controversies in indulgences; and attacks he raised against the doctrine of the Roman church. It suggests that by his cunning, as he complained that he was unjustly pressed by his adversaries and driven into public, Luther gained the greatest favor for himself, not just among the simple people, but also among many grave, learned men, who believed in his words through genuine simplicity. Meanwhile, Cochlaeus, for the sake of asserting and confirming the truth of the Catholic faith against any heretics, also published several books in Latin, criticizing Luther and Phillip Melanchthon.