The bridge, the fund and insurance in Dar es Salaam
the economicgovernance of Tanzanian social insurance schemes produces a tension between the collective hedging against various contingencies and the extractive aspects of investments and the returns on capital. Here the bridge, rather than hedging, protecting and securing, instead might institutionalise new architectures of risk through unexpected (material, political and ethical) effects.
The fund is understood as a social security infrastructure. It operates as a policy assemblage performing a number of bureaucratic tasks. Its operations aim
Asia. Yet the rise of China had revolutionised the economic realities of the region, with all of Washington’s main regional allies increasingly dependent on China for trade and investment. Moreover, since the arrival of Chinese President Xi Jinping, Beijing has promoted a comprehensive blueprint of economicgovernance in Asia, based on Chinese leadership, values and rules. The most evident manifestations of this Chinese attempt to build alternative forms of economicgovernance have been the promotion of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the Asian Infrastructure
its principal mode of rational calculation being suitable to all spheres of life.
The market is the epitome of efficiency in the allocation of resources and
is unfailingly superior to any other system of economicgovernance.
The market is the best guarantor of reliable quality in products and
The market guarantees sustained growth in standards of living in all countries, whatever their level of development.
The power of the discourse operates in several modes: as political rhetoric,
in business practice and through the ghostly role
unregulated segments of the national
or international labour market, economic crises and the rapid growth of new
service industries with lower trade union density, the balance of power has
shifted in recent decades in favour of employers, which can have significant
negative effects on job quality.
This change has often taken place gradually as the various influencing factors have steadily accumulated, causing labour standards to be eroded slowly.
The deregulation promoted by the economicgovernance framework of the
European Union (EU) has accelerated this process. Jill
- CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 80
French social democratic economic policy
credibility, in combination with the political context of a Franco-German
axis on deficit forgiveness, created areas of room for manoeuvre, notably in
revising the interpretation and implementation of the SGP to align more
closely with French dirigiste preferences.
French socialism and dirigiste aspirations for European economicgovernance
In 1997, the Jospin Government’s attempts at institutional re-engineering
of the supranational economic policy regime advocated a political role
sometimes been argued that the shifts in the functions
of economicgovernance actors associated with a focus on international competitiveness have been, or should be, accompanied by shifts in the levels of
governance. The nation state, in other words, becomes increasingly ‘leaky’ as
a ‘container of governance’ (Brenner et al., 2003). Its coordinating capacities
are fragmented, with some capacity transferred upwards (e.g. supranational or
transnational institutions providing competition rules) and some downwards
(with subnational regions or localities charged with
institutional forms. It is at this point that networks become objects
Questions of governance
In Scott’s account, success in the cultural economy – given the role of networking, the degree of interdependence between firms, and the tendency
towards agglomeration – is a collective rather than simply an individual matter. He therefore sees a key part for certain ‘agents of collective order’ (Scott,
2000, p. 27) in promoting economic efficiency and growth. The state, in
other words – and in its various extended guises – encourages both competition and
From an ‘infrastructural turn’ to the platform logics of
Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
finished the volume (and rewrote this conclusion) some time after the research was completed, at a moment when the COVID-19 global pandemic in the space of three months rewrote the script of normality. What had been normal in daily life, work life, state actions and economicgovernance was up for grabs. As the pandemic made global connections at a speed rarely anticipated, what happened in Wuhan suddenly became profoundly relevant in Tehran, in Madrid, in Lombardy, London, New York and New Orleans as much as in Cape Town, Kampala, Lagos, Dar es Salaam or Johannesburg
Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies
Jenny H. Peterson
privatisation remains as a key strategy in installing a liberal peace, both
guiding and operational actors within the DSI initially took a very cautious
approach to privatising in Kosovo. However, such cautiousness was not a
function of a limited commitment to liberal ideology, but rather a fear of the
legal and personal ramifications for operational staff. Once legal concerns
were addressed, the commitment to free market ideologies and technologies of
economicgovernance was revived and implemented at rapid pace. The
renewed commitment to this cornerstone of neo
) should be
pursued –and what kind of actors should represent Greenlandic interests
–are hotly debated in Greenlandic society (Nuttall, 2015; Wilson, 2015).
Today, corporate actors are arguing for an increasing place at the table
in questions of Arctic economicgovernance. Financial actors/banks who
lend money to key Arctic projects play an instrumental role in setting and
enforcing various standards of relevance to the Arctic natural and project
environment (Alto and Jaakkola, 2015). More specific to the Arctic itself,
the establishment of the Arctic Economic Council