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Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski
Martin A. Smith

Normative underpinnings: from Dayton to the Stability Pact Dayton agreement: democracy, human rights and multiculturalism for Bosnia? The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina , initialled in Dayton, Ohio in November 1995 and formally signed in Paris one month later, brought to an end the armed conflict and initiated a process of peace-building in Bosnia. The

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Henrik Larsen

Council are convinced that the EU shall play its full role on the international stage’). Meanings at the EU level concerning the nature of EU actorness can therefore not be said to be fixed. POLICY PRACTICE The policy activities of the EU have so far concentrated on the civilian aspects of foreign policy (stability pacts, trade and cooperation agreements, political conditionality, declaratory

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Adjusting to life after the Cold War
Kerry Longhurst

-track’ approach, combining a firm commitment to NATO’s aerial bombardment, together with intensive diplomatic efforts aimed at averting military action. Inherent in Germany’s diplomatic behaviour were strong traits of multilateralism through the use of international institutions and bodies (i.e. G8, the EU, Quint) as means towards a solution. Through the special Kosovo summit in April in Cologne particularly, Germany, as president of the EU, took forward the idea of a broad stability pact for South-East Europe, promoting the importance of bringing the countries of the region into

in Germany and the use of force
Knud Erik Jørgensen

Summit in June 1993 they were transformed into a perspective on enlargement of the European Union. A so-called Stability Pact was designed in order to de-escalate potential conflicts in the Central and Eastern parts of Europe. Furthermore, the Eastern enlargement can be regarded as a huge foreign policy initiative significantly increasing the scope of innumerable European regimes, from the entire acquis communautaire to administrative

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
The logics underpining EU enlargement
Helene Sjursen
Karen E. Smith

the sense that they are able to explain and justify their actions. Thus a logic of appropriateness is seen to grow out of duty rather than of habit. 5 These lessons also inspired agreement on a French plan for a Stability Pact in Europe. The Pact was a forum in which the Central and Eastern European applicants were strongly encouraged to

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Managing the criminal facets of war economies
Jenny H. Peterson

making it into the police service. Nonetheless, statistics from 2001 show that 39 per cent of the police force were ex-KLA (UNMIK, 2001b). Working with international institutions, the KPS created an organised crime training programme. Part of this training involved coordination and cooperation with the regional bodies including the Organised Crime Training Network (OCTN), the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) Centre for Combating Organised Crime and the Stability Pact Initiative Against Organised Crime (SPOC).While there are continued concerns about

in Building a peace economy?
The evolving European security architecture
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou
Michael J. Tsinisizelis
Stelios Stavridis
, and
Kostas Ifantis

its broader political interpretation. The broad approach to security adopted by NATO in its New Strategic Concept was reflected in the response of other institutions to the changing European order. Preventive diplomacy, crisis management and peacekeeping are themes shared by NATO, the WEU, the Union and the OSCE. The latter had some recognition as the overarching organisation but was, and still is, a considerable distance from being Europe’s security institution par excellence. Aspects of the OSCE role can also be seen in the EU’s promotion of a European Stability

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski
Martin A. Smith

futures: unachievable goals? The normative bases of the Dayton agreements, UNSC Resolution 1244 and the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe all promote democracy in conjunction with a civic model of nationalism that is distant, if not alien to, ethnic national identities in South East Europe. On this crucial issue of nationalism, the gulf in understanding between the recipients and givers of norms lies at the crux of

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security