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Bonnie Evans

countryside. 5 In London, according to official figures, half the entire school population was evacuated. 6 Susan Isaacs, Lucy Fildes and John Bowlby, a young medically trained psychologist who had studied with most major figures in English psychology and psychoanalysis at the time, including Melanie Klein and Cyril Burt, were amongst a growing group of psychologists and

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Chris Millard

the above-mentioned discussions of adaptation and evolution, to the varied concepts of psychoanalysis, where early experiences are said to mould future character and pathology to an enormous extent. This emerges very clearly in child guidance. 18 It is also evident in some strands of sociology – even as part of those ideas that deploy concepts of culture as a measure of civilisation. 19 What I am arguing instead, is that an

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Evans

to conceptualise the external world. 45 In the 1920s, many professionals working with children began to use the concept of hallucination readily in the description of children’s thought. In 1922, Piaget gave a paper at the International Conference on Psychoanalysis in Berlin, entitled ‘ La pensée symbolique et la pensée de

in The metamorphosis of autism
Mark Jackson

particularly evident in his formulation of the midlife crisis. Jaques had begun to think about the concept in 1952 – at the age of 35 – during a period of personal reflection on the challenges of midlife. When he first presented the paper to the British Psychoanalytical Society in 1957 it generated only a muted response, and it was not published in the International Journal of Psycho-Analysis until eight years later. 3 In the article, Jaques argued that during the middle years of life growing awareness of personal death

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Balancing the self in the twentieth century
Mark Jackson and Martin D. Moore

proliferation of academic disciplines. 57 Similarly, the self became tied to new political projects, which, as recent scholarship has suggested, often searched for balance as a response to the age of extremes. In The War Inside , for example, Michal Shapira has explored how psychoanalysis provided important perspectives on welfare, the family and democracy in public and political discourse. With particular emphasis on children and the maternal relationship in the formation of reasonable, well-adjusted selves, psychoanalysts

in Balancing the self
Bonnie Evans

to measure personality types was a long way from psychoanalysis as a comprehensive model of the development of subjectivity and human relationships that was applicable across multiple domains. These psychological tests of ‘personality’ and subjective awareness slowly trickled down into studies of child development at the Maudsley in the 1950s, but the Tavistock theorists

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Perceiving, describing and modelling child development
Bonnie Evans

deliberately pinned against the first wave of theories of the infantile unconscious that had been framed around Freudian psychoanalysis. If one were to simplify this, one could say that this is a story about how psychoanalysts were proved wrong. But the story is far more complicated, as the new epidemiological autism psychologists did not prove psychoanalysts wrong but instead did something far more insidious

in The metamorphosis of autism
Martin D. Moore

management during the first half of the twentieth century, this chapter extends recent discussion of how political, medical and popular lay agencies came to reread wide areas of governance and everyday life in psychological and emotional terms during the interwar and early post-war period. 5 Though efforts to constitute the ‘good diabetic’ were rarely based on systematic or academic models of ‘depth psychology’ such as psychoanalysis, they nonetheless constituted affective relations as central to human behaviour, and sought

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Evans

sprung up in Britain that attempt to relocate autism within a new psychoanalytic model, such as the Critical Autism Forum in Nottingham, which reclaims psychoanalysis as a critical analytic tool in relation to autism under the auspices of the neurodiversity and autism rights movement. 4 Similarly, the Critical Autism Network, a global collaborative project based in Britain and funded by the Leverhulme

in The metamorphosis of autism
Bonnie Evans

including psychoanalysis, ethology and learning theory’. With regard to experimental and statistical psychology, candidates would examine the ‘assessment of sensory, motor and perceptual handicaps’ as well as ‘survey methods and epidemiological studies’. Candidates also had to develop a good knowledge of ‘exceptional children’, including ‘handicapped

in The metamorphosis of autism