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Ash dieback and plant biosecurity in Britain
Judith Tsouvalis

pathology in five to ten years’ time, given that ‘new departmental appointments and RAE/REF assessments are driven in part by the Impact Factor (IF) of scientific publications. The highly specialised nature of much plant pathology research means that many publications are of low IF’ (British Society for Plant Pathology, 2012: 2). A key recommendation of the Tree Health and Plant Biosecurity Expert Taskforce (THPBET) set up in November 2012 following the ash dieback outbreak was that ‘key skills shortages’ in this field needed to be urgently addressed. To combat Chalara

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
Louise Amoore

to provide skilled workers is further exacerbated by the growth in the use of temporary labour and the adoption of ‘hire and fire’ practices. The editorial of an engineering management magazine illustrates the problem to good effect: ‘Some of industry has taken a careless approach to its skills base, seeming to believe it can discard and rehire people at whim, as if skills can be switched on and off like a light bulb. They can’t, and the corollary is that skill shortages don’t just occur at times when companies are recruiting: they are long-term too’ (Professional

in Globalisation contested
Neil McNaughton

Liberals, meanwhile, were committed to improving the state of race relations in the country. Immigration attitudes • Liberal Conservatives and Labour. Support the idea of a multi-racial society with tolerant attitude to racial minorities and accepting racial diversity. Tolerant attitude to asylum seekers. Immigration to be continued, but controlled to reduce over-population and to import people who can reduce skill shortages. • Centre Conservatives. Support controls on immigration, but allowing some to enter under strict quotas. Insist that racial minorities should

in Understanding British and European political issues
The resurgence of Route 128 in Massachusetts
Michael H. Best

engineers and technologists to convert the innovative ideas into production capabilities. As shown in figure 9.3 the role of tertiary education is critical for producing a pool of engineers and technologists to convert innovative ideas sparked by the internal growth dynamic of entrepreneurial firms into viable products on the scale and in the form required for regional growth. An inelastic skill base will translate into skill shortages and wage pressures thereby choking growth and eroding regional competitiveness. Industrial development depends upon this process of labour

in Market relations and the competitive process
The restructuring of work in Britain
Louise Amoore

:19 PM Globalisation contested 80 within the firm and led to talk of skills shortages in Britain (Marsden, 1995; Rubery, 1999). The ad-hoc and management-led character of the programme, coupled with the division of workers along skilled/unskilled and core/contract lines, has arguably stifled consultation and innovation in the workforce, producing a ‘low trust’ environment (Lane, 1997; Rubery, 1993: 11–12).7 The in-built paradox here, even viewed from a neo-liberal or business perspective, is that skills flexibility within the firm requires investment in training

in Globalisation contested
Constituting the cultural economy
Fran Tonkiss

market power rather than one of insecurity. That is most likely to be the case in fields such as multimedia and software programming where companies have difficulty in recruiting specialist staff, and confront high rates of turnover and dynamic, often international, labour markets (Skills Observatory, 2000, p. 5). The labour market effects of this kind of skillsshortage are compounded by a strong freelance ethos in growth sectors where working outside a company’s structure is seen as preferable – in both a financial and a cultural sense – to working inside one (see

in Market relations and the competitive process
The restructuring of work in Germany
Louise Amoore

natural features of German state-society – they are continually brought into question and rebuilt, and this is intensifying as the global discourse on flexibility gains ground. Second, the greatest challenge to the prevailing programme of occupational status maintenance comes from the growing sector of German society that is excluded from the provision. The costs of the dual system intensify the exiting disincentives for German firms to employ new apprentices, exerting pressure on youth employment rates and giving rise to the possibility of a future skills shortage

in Globalisation contested