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Phil Almond

social construction of labour markets, while giving greater emphasis to the ways that, within ‘variegated’ neoliberal capitalism (Peck and Theodore, 2007), the dynamics of competitiveness both depend on, but also challenge, relatively coherent ‘societal’ fixes as to the nature of socio-productive systems. International competition and societal effects At one level, specific factors causing increased international competition for production can readily be identified: the more systematic incorporation of large parts of the Global South into global circuits of capital

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Politics of movement

This book brings together a number of contributions that look into the political regulation of movement and analyses that engage the material enablers of and constraints on such movement. It attempts to bridge theoretical perspectives from critical security studies and political geography in order to provide a more comprehensive perspective on security and mobility. In this vein, the book brings together approaches to mobility that take into account both techniques and practices of regulating movement, as well as their underlying infrastructures. Together the contributions inquire into a politics of movement that lies at the core of the production of security. Drawing on the insight that security is a contingent concept that hinges on the social construction of threat – which in turn must be understood through its political, social, economic, and cultural dimensions – the contributors offer fine-grained perspectives on a presumably mobile and insecure world. The title of the book, Security/Mobility, is a direct reference to this world that at times appears dominated by these two paradigms. As is shown throughout the book, rather than being opposed to each other, a great deal of political effort is undertaken in order to reconcile the need for security and the necessity of mobility. Running through the book is the view that security and mobility are entangled in a constant dynamic – a dynamic that converges in what is conceptualised here as a politics of movement.

Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

relations. Devising useful political strategies therefore requires breaking with classical dualistic categories that posed revolutionary actions against reformist ones, a model of a political world long departed. The result is not as clear-cut as one would always want it to be, theoretically, strategically or ethically. For example, despite a challenging look at the social construction of addiction, Colin Craig’s chapter (chapter 7) still appears to be supporting ‘liberal’ local courses of action such as harm reduction through needle exchange schemes. He also suggests

in Changing anarchism
Christine E. Hallett

Farmborough, Nurse at the Russian Front:  A  Diary 1914–18 (London:  Book Club Associates, 1974). On the ‘romance pattern’, see: Paul Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 [1975]): 130–1. 6 Janet S. K. Watson, ‘Wars in the Wards: The Social Construction of Medical Work in First World War Britain’, Journal of British Studies, 41(2002): 484–510. See also: Janet S. K. Watson, Fighting Different Wars: Experience, Memory and the First World War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004): passim. 173

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

actors, akin to billiard balls 9 whose outer shells (diplomats, foreign ministers, prime ministers and heads of state) are in contact. Further, a clear distinction is made between domestic politics and international politics, with the former being seen as having little impact on the latter save as regards aspects of power (power inputs). 10 Such views may seem today passé and social constructions by recalcitrant realist scholars, but they are a fairly accurate

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Douglas Blum

: Beyond Parochialism in International Relations History’, in Yosef Lapid and Friedrich Kratochwil (eds), The Return of Culture and Identity in IR Theory (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996), pp. 65–84; also Ted Hopf, Social Construction of International Politics: Identities and Foreign Policies, Moscow, 1955 and 1999 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002 ). 8 As David Campbell observes, ‘the state more often than not precedes the nation: . . . nationalism is a construct of the state in pursuit of its legitimacy’. David Campbell, Writing Security: United States

in Limiting institutions?
Mandakini Pant

common issue, interest or concern, and articulating their common concerns and priorities in meetings to influence district level planning and implementation; • to demystify the social construction of gender to initiate the processes of change by enabling women leaders to make informed choices and exercise power; • to build agency of women leaders. Content • Perspective building on governance, gender and leadership and their interrelationships, gender, gender discrimination, sexual harassment; violence against women, sanitation. 109 MUP_Hall.indd 109 30/07/2013 17

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Knud Erik Jørgensen

their opposition to methodological individualism, I find it equally important that many social constructions actually are characterised by stability and therefore are relatively enduring or static. In principle that could be a second reason for constructivists to favour elements of structure in their studies. Furthermore, why should we explain why and how constructions vary across countries? It puzzles me that social

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Open Access (free)
Tuur Driesser

. Maps as objects 225 From critical to object-oriented cartography The critical cartography which arose in the 1990s (Crampton and Krygier, 2006) approach maps as texts (Harley, 1989), sign systems (Wood, 1993) and social constructions (Crampton, 2001). In response to the dominance of the communication model, which thought of maps purely as neutral tools to convey geographical information, critical cartography sought to demonstrate how these representations were in fact bound up with politics of power and knowledge. Thus, building on Foucault and Derrida (Harley, 1989

in Time for mapping
Elana Wilson Rowe

’ or representations of the Arctic as a political space set the parameters for possible political action. A robust representation of any policy object most often delimits the kinds of The power politics of representation     39 actors, rhetoric and practices that are recognised as ‘relevant’, ‘practical’ and ‘useful’. Analytical attention to framing is a feature of the broader literature on the social construction of space. This literature resulted from a sense for the shortcomings of purely temporal explanations in accounting for how the fabric of everyday life

in Arctic governance