Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People and the hybrid pathways of Chinese
while evoking a familiar psychical world for their Chinese consumers. Taking the extensive history of thepills into account thus complicates the accepted narrative of advertising as the major driving force of urban modernity in Shanghai and offers a more nuanced account of the way hybridity – not only cultural, but also temporal – was strategically mobilised to articulate a distinctly Chinese vision of twentieth-century society.
Studies of advertising content in this historical
Pharmacist-historians have followed the lead of the British Medical Association's (BMA) exposés of ‘Secret Remedies’ in the 1900s, in disparaging the man and his medicines. Thepills were revealed to be mostly composed of ineffectual ingredients: aloes, powdered ginger and soap.
Edwardian doctors often wrote of public gullibility in repeat purchases of such concoctions, though as Harvey Young presumed, much of their efficacy and market success must be due to placebo effects.
, infertility problems, and kidney and
liver problems, amongst other effects (Kettman, 2000 ).
Dimeo and Hunt ( 2011 , p. 587)
described the workings of the GDR’s doping programme thus:
Athletes were not given a choice: once an
individual reached a certain standard of performance their coach
would provide them with thepills. The coach would be following
the instructions of the doping working group, and each sports
federation would have a doping programme. The doctors would
's responsibility to take care of birth control, and they valued ignorance and spontaneity in the sexual act. As a result, taking the lead and responsibility for birth control, as well as undertaking some form of preparation such as putting in a cap, ran counter to their expected gender and marital role of being sexually passive and ignorant. This discrepancy between female doctors’ views on the suitability of female contraceptives and the lived experiences of working-class women remained a contentious issue before the advent of thepill, and might account for the long
, during a period in prison, he weaned himself off of
his addiction on his own. In prison, he was given pills to assuage his
withdrawal symptoms; since he kicked his addiction without thepills, he
saved them and sold them to other prisoners. Another squatter, Darrel,
described how once, squatters had found Morris half dead after several
days of lying in his own vomit and filth. They took him to a hospital
where he was revived.
Morris was incredibly kind to me during the period in
which he regularly spent time in
They learnt how to insert a cap along with contraceptive jelly and practised on Helena Wright's pelvic body model. They bought caps and diaphragms and clandestinely brought them back to Paris. They also noticed that some birth control clinics prescribed thepill to their patients for a trial period. Aubény was shocked, as she recalled that when thepill arrived on the French market, she was unwilling to prescribe it, explaining that ‘it was not how medicine was taught to us during our study years. The duty of the doctor is to treat
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth
exhaustion in the latter decades of the nineteenth century. By the time they made their appearance in Shanghai in the early decades of the twentieth century, however, Dr Williams’ pills were widely derided in England and North America as an archetypal example of quackery, with commentators identifying thepills’ continued ubiquity as a sign of the public's refusal to recognise scientific progress. Like the ‘traditional’ medicines evoked by Mukharji in the previous chapter, patent medicines were now associated with notions of backwardness and regression, particularly when
and pledging critical
support for Jacques Chirac. The presidential party strategy worked exactly
to plan. This strategy involved not just providing a majority for the
President, but also engineering a realignment within the right in favour
of the RPR, to sweeten thepill of the dissolution of the Gaullist movement
into a much broader conservative party.
The 2002 elections represented the first time since 1973 that there
had not been at least two major parties on the French right. Right-wing
unity paid off handsomely. The UMP won an overall majority (399 seats
As you will see, on pages 33–50 she has made a rather passable
journalistic combination of de Groot and little Granet, and it seems to
me that the best compromise for us would be to swallow thepill, on
the condition that we may change the title to something like ‘Seasonal
fertility rites and the death cult in Scandinavian [sic] and China’.
As you know, it is difficult to say no completely, as she among other
things has provided us a donation of 15,000 crowns. So, if you please,
could you look at it, in particular the new pages, and make whatever
exceptional, as the limited numbers of members of the BSSE show. 95 According to Catholic doctrine,
calendar-based methods (which had been improved in the 1930s) were
the only accepted form of contraception. Not surprisingly, the
contraceptive pill had little success when it was introduced to the
Belgian market in 1961. In the beginning, mainly doctors linked to
the BSSE and La Famille Heureuse prescribed thepill