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Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel

minds would be impossible, and with that, all life together.’ Cross-border migration offers an interesting challenge to these naturalised views of shared time structures. Due to transnationalism, nostalgia and cultural difference, migrants exist both according to local temporal norms and home-country timescapes. In this simultaneity, time is not linear but layered, with competing, sometimes contradictory strains, imaging home while living in the new rhythms of the receiving state. This is a normal result of transnationalism and common to all immigrants (Cwerner 2001

in Migrating borders and moving times
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe

6 New pasts, presents and futures: time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe Carolin Leutloff-Grandits For many families in Kosovo, migration is an integral part of life. This is true even if they do not themselves migrate but, rather, seem ‘stuck’ in a village such as the one in south Kosovo where I conducted fieldwork between 2011 and 2013.1 In fact, in this village, and throughout almost all of Kosovo, there is what one might term a ‘culture’ of migration. Every person has close family members who are living or have lived

in Migrating borders and moving times

, materialise interactions between migrants and those who stay behind, and provide a window onto the social, cultural and economic characteristics of the destination countries. I am interested here in the role and meaning of these flows in migration processes and border crossings. The material flows transgress polity borders and social boundaries, reconstruct existing relationships, reaffirm marriage and create material wealth. They stand in as a material presence for absent female migrants, since they materialise the relationships between female migrants and their stay

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland

difference between two main migratory and hence ‘genealogical trajectories’ connecting Albania and Montenegro: one leading from Shkodra and its surroundings to Ulcinj, and the other one from Shkodra up to Tuzi and Podgorica (see Figure 4.1). While genealogies marked by migration between Ulcinj and Shkodra were clearly mono-ethnic and mono-confessional (Albanian–Muslim), the Sarapa genealogy – which included relations stretching across present-day Albania and Montenegro north of Lake Shkodra – featured an extraordinary diversity and inclusiveness that incorporated

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Crossing borders, changing times

. With the changing political order of Europe, these discourses also changed in content, yet without ever losing their general moral tone in which ‘the West’ considered ‘the East’ as its dangerous, Muslim-dominated antagonist. This notion fostered the establishment of a territorial border region within the neighbouring, mainly Christian-dominated Hapsburg Empire, which acted as a buffer zone towards Islam and the Ottoman state while simultaneously emerging as a frontier of cultural contact and tolerance, migration and conversion. Such themes still resonate today and

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos

understandings of the border. We then discuss the case of Lesbos, exploring how the study of the management of dead migrants can shed light on the political and bodily experience of border crossing. It will be shown how the different policies of the state to the crossing of the border by a dead migrant or a live one, as well as the difference in response to a dead citizen and a dead migrant, introduce novel categories of inclusion and exclusion. In the final part of the chapter, we highlight the divergence between the state-led discourse of migration as a threat and its

in Migrating borders and moving times

interests (Koch 2012). Dutch moves to tighten the surveillance of its borders have been matched by current German attempts to claim the right to close down temporarily its land borders in case of migration pressures from outside the EU, as was the case with France and Italy in the wake of the large-scale migration flows towards those lands triggered by the 2011 Arab Spring (Rheinische Post 2012). ‘Walking on the moon’, or hiding in plain sight? Indeed, it is by connecting, in a novel ‘constellation’, the ambulatory flows – migrant as well as artistic – stemming from the

in Migrating borders and moving times
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory

under the rule of Idi Amin, also require further analysis. A comparative study of this violence and of the different abuses inflicted on bodies during these events will allow the potential role to be assessed of migrations and movements of refugees in the diffusion of new practices of violence. The intensity of the sexual violence currently being committed in the Democratic Republic of Congo is the most striking example of this process. Rape, used on a massive scale in Rwanda in 1994 and recognized as a genocidal crime by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

in Destruction and human remains

by traders in border crossings themselves (Konstantinov 1996). However, in other fields of research on transnationality, particularly migration, emotional aspects have emerged as a key area of research (Keough 2006). This book focuses on what it is people feel they have crossed and done when crossing borders and, in doing so, seeks to take an approach which not only acknowledges the importance of contextualisation of border crossings but also recognises an epistemological shift. This shift necessitates a methodological approach that combines observation at the

in Migrating borders and moving times

) ‘Transitional spaces: postsocialism as a cultural process: introduction’, Critique of Anthropology, 27: 131–145. Bringa, T. (1995) Being Muslim the Bosnian Way: Identity and Community in a Central Bosnian Village Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Croegaert, A. (2011) ‘Who has time for ćejf? Postsocialist migration and slow coffee in neoliberal Chicago’, American Anthropologist, 113(3): 463–477. Green, S.F. (2009) Lines, Traces and Tidemarks: Reflections on Forms of Borderli-ness, COST Action IS0803 Working Paper 1. www

in Migrating borders and moving times