Sustainability, subject and necessity in Yann Martel’s Life of
and the speculative real. I then turn to considering Life of Pi’s emphasis
on a human-centred stance, alongside its apparent recalibrating of the
subject horizon as a sustainable world is engendered.
Sustainability and the human project
A number of sustainability’s tensions and paradoxes and their nuances
have been teased out across the essays in this collection. This final essay
considers sustainability from the perspective of opacity itself. That is, it
addresses the issue that sustainability is premised upon projected notions
that are variously indistinct or
Ahmed, S. (2014c). ‘Practical phenomenology’, Feministkilljoys.com (4 June),
https://feministkilljoys.com/2014/06/04/practical-phenomenology/ (accessed 3
Ahmed, S. (2014d). ‘Hard’, Feministkilljoys.com (10 June), https://feministkilljoys.
com/2014/06/10/hard/ (accessed 3 September 2018).
Ahmed, S. (2014e). ‘Fragility’, Feministkilljoys.com (14 June), https://feministkilljoys.
com/2014/06/14/fragility/ (accessed 3 September 2018).
Ahmed, S. (2017). Living a Feminist Life. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Braidotti, R. (2006
descriptive imperatives and a retrieval of conceptuality could be sharpened. Heidegger is suspicious of a conceptuality which sets itself up in opposition to an already given order,
and rather supposes that what there is must be conjured into revealing itself to an
attentive composing thinking.41 The virtue of Husserl’s phenomenology as far as
Heidegger is concerned is that it oﬀers this possibility of revealing what is not already
given, instead extracting what there is from its concealment in everyday taken-forgranted relations. Heidegger and Adorno thus share a suspicion
The paradoxes of sustainability and Michel Houellebecq’s The
Possibility of an Island
.eurozine.com/the-sustainability-of-democracy/ Accessed 17 March 2017.
Braidotti, Rosi 2013. The Posthuman. Cambridge: Polity.
Christian, David 2014 . Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History.
Berkeley: University of California Press.
Connolly, Kate 2013. ‘Wurst Policy Ever? German “Veggie Day” Plan Leaves Greens
Trailing’, Guardian 13 September. www.theguardian.com/world/germanelections-blog-2013/2013/sep/13/german-election-wurst-policy-veggie-daygreens. Accessed 21 February 2017.
De Mul, Jos 2014. ‘The Possibility of an Island: Michel Houellebecq’s Tragic
Humanism’, Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology
. Instead of disappearing or
becoming nothing more than the heritage of a bygone age, art, in Hegel’s slightly
strange formulation, ‘points beyond itself ’.
Hegel’s description of the meaning of art’s ‘pointing beyond itself ’ that follows the
occurrence of the phrase in the ‘Introduction’ to the Aesthetics repeats his argument
in the Phenomenology which states that Spirit simply moves beyond art to dialectical
reason and philosophy. Thus, Hegel states quite simply that, although one ‘may well
hope that art will always rise higher and come to perfection . . . the form of
theorists such as Jane Bennett, whose concept
of ‘thing-power’ in Vibrant Matter (2010) seeks to ‘acknowledge
that which refuses to dissolve completely into the milieu of human
knowledge’ while aiming to ‘attend to the it as actant’.10 Even more
recently, Ian Bogost’s Alien Phenomenology (2012) situates things
at the centre of being and advocates the use of metaphor in philosophy as a means of glimpsing things as they exist outside of
human consciousness.11 The work of Levi Bryant (2011) puts entities at all levels of scale on equal ontological footing and Timothy
ourselves’, and yet also insist that ‘reading Beowulf , even after all these years is not like talking to an old friend’.
And yet, even though the poem offers itself up to questions of old friends very naturally, intimacy is rarely articulated openly as a guiding critical framework.
Many times when intimacy is invoked in places where we would expect to see it – in queer theory, affect studies, and theories of sensation or phenomenology – it functions metaphorically as a descriptor of a certain kind
Foregrounding the body and performance in plays by Gina Moxley, Emma Donoghue and Marina Carr
Spaces: Phenomenology and Performance in
Contemporary Drama (Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University
Press), 1994, pp. 186–7.
Elaine Aston, An Introduction to Feminism and Theatre (London and
New York: Routledge, 1995), pp. 51–2.
Lib Taylor, ‘Shape-shifting and Role-splitting: Theatre, Body and Identity’,
in Naomi Segal, Lib Taylor and Roger Cook (eds), Indeterminate Bodies
(London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp. 164–5.
Judith Butler, ‘Performative Acts and Gender Constitution’ in Julie Rivkin
and Michael Ryan (eds), Literary Theory: An Anthology, second edition
Ingold, Being Alive, pp. 15–32.
44 Ingold, Being Alive, pp. 30–1. In this section, Ingold is critiquing
Christopher Tilley’s The Materiality of Stone: Explorations in
Landscape Phenomenology (Oxford: Berghahn, 2004).
45 Orton and Wood with Lees, Fragments of History, p. 142.
46 ‘Swan’: Ferdinand Holthausen, ‘Anglosaxonica Minora’, Beiblatt zur
Anglia, 36 (1925), 219–20; ‘quill pen’: F. H. Whitman, Old English
Riddles (Ottawa: Canadian Federation for the Humanities, 1982),
pp. 144–8; ‘figurehead’: see Williamson, Old English Riddles of the
Exeter Book, pp
cooperation at various levels of film culture.
Adetiba, E. and T. Burke (2017). ‘Tarana Burke says #MeToo should center marginalized
communities’, The Nation (17 November), www.thenation.com/article/tarana-
burke-says-metoo-isnt-just-for-white-people (accessed 18 February 2017).
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Ahmed, S. (2006). Queer Phenomenology: Orientations, Objects, Others. Durham,
NC: Duke University Press.
Ahmed, S. (2010). The Promise of Happiness. Durham, NC: Duke University