This chapter discusses the different degree of Europeanisation of the two periods and summarises the theoretical conclusions of the present work. It tries to explain the radically different extents to which Scottish devolution was Europeanised in the 1970s and in the 1990s and discusses the deepening of European integration. It determines that there is no single factor that can fully account for the variation, and that the several changes among actors and institutions at each of the three levels—European, British, Scottish—played a role. This chapter concludes that it was not the deepening of integration, but how it interacted with change at the state level and what Scottish elite actors made of it, that made the difference.
This chapter presents several predictions on how the European dimension will affect the future of self-government in Scotland. It offers some reflections on Scotland's place in the European Union in the post-devolution period, and considers the possible influence that the European dimension will continue to have on the issue of Scottish independence. It then addresses the argument that the European dimension will continue to be very important for Scotland. This chapter also identifies some general disillusions with devolution and the devolved institutions.