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Thoreau in the city
Alison Hulme

108 Conclusion: Thoreau in the city The title of this book is not only descriptive, but wilfully creative of a new history. Thrift has tended to be portrayed in historical and economic discourse as either a ‘new movement’, or as something that has occurred in historical ‘blips’ or ‘moments’ when historical conditions impacted negatively upon capitalism’s ability to provide. There is so much wrong with this interpretation that it is difficult to know where to begin! For a start, capitalism is not known for its ability to provide for all; rather for its ability

in A brief history of thrift
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Christian intellectuals in Britain and the crisis of Europe, 1937–1949

From the late 1930s to the end of the 1940s a high-profile group of mostly Christian intellectuals met to discuss the related crises of totalitarianism, war and cultural decline in the democratic West. Brought together by the leading missionary and ecumenist Joseph H. Oldham, the group included prominent writers, thinkers, activists and scholars, among them T. S. Eliot, John Middleton Murry, Karl Mannheim, John Baillie, Alec Vidler, H. A. Hodges, Christopher Dawson, Kathleen Bliss and Michael Polanyi. Among its wider circle of correspondents and supporters were the era’s most influential Christian authors and thinkers – such as Reinhold Niebuhr, William Temple, Jacques Maritain, Dorothy L. Sayers and C. S. Lewis. The participants in the Oldham group saw faith as a uniquely powerful resource for cultural and social renewal, and they sought to integrate diverse Christian viewpoints, reconcile faith and secular society, and reshape post-war British society. In an ‘age of extremes’ they pursued a variety of ‘middle ways’ with regard to topics such as the social relevance of faith, the relationship of Christianity to secularity, the legitimacy of capitalism, the role of State planning, the value of patriotism, the meaning of freedom and the value of egalitarianism.

Slavery, market revolution and Atlantic capitalism
Robin Blackburn

1 The scope of accumulation and the reach of moral perception: slavery, market revolution and Atlantic capitalism Robin Blackburn In this essay I reconsider the relationship between the rise of capitalism in Britain and the United States and the emergence of a very intense regime of plantation slavery in the Americas. This interlinked process is seen as prompting countervailing movements that seek to limit or challenge slavery in the name of ‘free air’, ‘free labour’ or the cause of humanity. Slavery seemed a distant memory in Elizabethan England and yet was to

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
On Regie, realism and political critique
Peter M. Boenisch

he came to fame by introducing British ‘In-Yer-Face’ playwriting to German audiences at his Baracke theatre in the late 1990s.2 Nowadays, a typical Schaubühne’s season brochure, such as the spring 2014 edition, opens with an interview between Ostermeier and political philosopher Antonio Negri, where their main topic of conversation is the contemporary crisis of capitalism. A similar politically motivated porosity between representation, presentation and present realities marks the work of Frank Castorf, the other pronounced political Berlin theatre Intendant. Yet

in Directing scenes and senses
Rosie Meade

4 Robert Tressell’s The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists Rosie Meade Introduction With their much feted academic text The New Spirit of Capitalism Luc Boltanski and Eve Chiapello (2005a: 162) explore, with particular reference to contemporary France, what it is that ‘justifies people’s commitment to capitalism’ and ‘renders that commitment attractive’ despite the obvious absurdity of the system itself. In the early years of the twentieth century the Irish born sign-writer Robert Noonan (1870–1911), using the pseudonym Robert Tressell, undertook a similar task

in Mobilising classics
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Alison Phipps

, racial capitalism and colonialism. Patriarchy refers to the domination of women by men. This pre-dates capitalism (at least in the West), but capitalism embedded it by separating production and reproduction and making women responsible for the latter. Capitalism relies on social reproduction – creation of and care for human life – but doesn’t want to foot the bill. Historically, white bourgeois homemakers were confined, unpaid, to the private sphere. Working women have been (and are) over-represented in the low-status and low-paid caring professions which also

in Me, not you
Open Access (free)
Fifth Estate’s critique of the megamachine
Steve Millett

challenging anarchist approach to technology currently available.1 Starting from the late 1970s, the Fifth Estate (hereafter FE) began to put forward the argument that the technologies of capitalism cannot be separated from the socioeconomic system itself. Inspired and influenced by a number of writers, including Karl Marx, Jacques Ellul and Jacques Camatte, it began to conceptualise modern technology as constituting a system of domination itself, one which interlinks and interacts with the economic processes of capitalism to create a new social form, a ‘megamachine’ which

in Changing anarchism
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Crisis, capitalism and democracy
Sinéad Kennedy

4 A perfect storm: crisis, capitalism and  democracy Sinéad Kennedy Introduction In the spring of 2013 a national advertisement campaign for Ireland’s largest-selling daily newspaper, the Irish Independent, appeared in the print and visual media. The campaign used a series of provocative juxtaposed images, designed to illicit polarising responses to some of the key debates in contemporary Irish society.1 Each pairing was accompanied by the tagline ‘We are defined by the choices we make’,2 invoking the key ideological tropes of the Irish crisis: that Ireland

in Ireland under austerity
Polanyi, The Great Transformation and the American exception
Hannes Lacher

8 Multilinear trajectories: Polanyi, The Great Transformation and the American exception Hannes Lacher Karl Polanyi’s seminal The Great Transformation (TGT) is widely read as a call for regulated capitalism and a historical and theoretical exposition of the case for the welfare state. The institutions of the Bretton Woods system, and the domestic mechanisms of public macroeconomic management, labour market regulation and income redistribution are usually considered the concrete forms through which the world-wide ‘re-embedding’ of capitalist markets envisaged by

in Karl Polanyi and twenty-first-century capitalism
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The European social dimension and the clash of capitalisms in a post-2004 EU
Paul Copeland

6 Conclusion: the European social dimension and the clash of capitalisms in a post-2004 EU This monograph has assessed the impact of the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements upon the political economy of European integration. At the heart of the European integration process is the political economy debate over whether the EU should be a market-making project, or if it should combine this with integration in employment and social policy. It is in the context of this political debate that the research has analysed the impact of the two rounds of enlargement by focusing

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension