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Foreign affairs, domestic problems
Geoffrey Hicks

administration in power as a result of its enemies’ divisions was by its very nature low in political credit, if not already in deficit. It could not afford disputes and controversies of the sort fomented by Palmerston. Its vulnerability, particularly prior to the election, meant that one eye was always on its domes- 1852: foreign affairs, domestic problems 69 tic position. Diplomacy was tangled up with domestic priorities, even when – as with the briefly notorious Mather case – ministers particularly tried to avoid controversy. In one of the most interesting developments

in Peace, war and party politics
Bilge Firat

negotiations conducted by their bureaucrats and diplomats long before Council meetings (Tallberg 2008). Turkey.indb 89 24/07/2019 17:31:25 90 Arts of diplomacy and lobbying in the EU institutions Out of sight, mid-level diplomats from EU member states meet about 3,000 times in various Council committee meetings in a six-month period, with the Council Presidency providing administrative assistance to them, wherein ‘common European interests’ are actually negotiated.1 Whether their involvement in EU affairs was formal or informal, most of my neighbours were everyday

in Diplomacy and lobbying during Turkey’s Europeanisation
Daniel Featley, anti-Catholic controversialist abroad
Hugh Adlington

general, that the role of embassy chaplain was understood then, and should be now, to constitute something far more strategically significant than a mere adjunct to diplomacy. I The Featley-Smith disputation in Paris 1612 has not greatly occupied ­historians of post-Reformation religion and politics. Literary scholars have paid the episode most attention, chiefly on account of Ben Jonson’s presence at the 2 dispute, midway through his European travels of 1611–13. Jonson’s role as witness to the disputation is intriguing, especially given his own switches of allegiance

in Chaplains in early modern England
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Uriya Shavit and Ofir Winter

called for the promotion and intensification of diplomacy to end the conflict. This faction has sided, at times fervently, with normalization between Israel and its neighbours, and regarded the democratization of the Arab world as dependent on peace with Israel. The opposing liberal faction, the ‘refusal camp’, has rejected the terms of the diplomatic negotiations between Israel and its neighbours and resolutely opposed normalization with Israel. This Conclusion 183 faction has perceived the democratization of Arab societies as the necessary precondition for posing

in Zionism in Arab discourses
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Evgeny Roshchin

relations with the ensuing moralisation of all relations so labelled. The difference between these two supposed poles is a matter of degree: some are more prepared to take the analogy seriously and some less, but both see friendship as a moralised practice inherent in human nature. This is the reason why we may feel uncomfortable when relations between states or their leaders are described in terms of friendship. It is also why we cannot account for the prolific rhetoric and institutionalisation of friendship in diplomacy and international politics at large. This sums up

in Friendship among nations
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Quiet diplomacy, SALT II and the invasion of Afghanistan, 1979–1980
Umberto Tulli

policy; it was not completely abandoned, yet it had only secondary importance compared to the conclusion of SALT II. Beyond the attempt to strengthen détente, the administration concluded that the Soviets were making some significant although pragmatic and selective progress, especially in those areas to which the American public was paying particular attention. The White House believed that discussing human rights through quiet diplomacy channels and avoiding public references to the plight of dissidents could strengthen these trends. However, the White House was

in A precarious equilibrium
Jennifer Mori

equations, they often did so as real or would-be dependants rather than partners and household managers. Some men preferred not to marry at all because they did not want to go to the cost and trouble of ‘training’ a wife. Eighteenth-century diplomacy was very much a career for single men. Andrew Mitchell, whose wife had died in 1726, never saw the acquisition of another as desirable or necessary. Charles Hanbury Williams, who had ‘poxed his wife’, and parted ways from her in 1742, did not have the reputation nor inclination to marry again. Both took up their first

in The culture of diplomacy
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Mervyn O’Driscoll

career, Katzenberger cut a high profile. He was committed to placing German–​Irish relations on a solid footing. German gratitude Katzenberger took the opportunity on the presentation of his credentials to President Seán T. O’Kelly to express German gratitude for Irish relief, particularly to children, after the war.32 This set the tone for German public and cultural diplomacy during the early years of the FRG’s legation in Dublin. In September 1951, soon after his appointment, Katzenberger paid tribute to the Save the German Children Society’s efforts to provide

in Ireland, West Germany and the New Europe, 1949– 73
Anna Bocking-Welch

addition, international friendships were seen to serve national interests; they were used as a tool of soft diplomacy in order to improve Britain's international reputation and with the aim of securing or maintaining the loyalty of foreign populations. To know us, the logic went, was to love us. The pursuit of international friendship was not a new idea. International and imperial organisations had actively promoted the development of personal connections since the end of the nineteenth century. When Rotary's first international clubs were established

in British civic society at the end of empire
Negotiating the Fulbright Agreement
Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

: A Biography (Cambridge, 1995); Walter Johnson and Francis James Colligan, The Fulbright Program: A History (Chicago, 1965); Richard T. Arndt, The First Resort of Kings: American Cultural Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century (Dulles, 2005). 3 Stuart Macintyre, Australia’s Boldest Experiment: War and Reconstruction in the 1940s (Sydney, 2015). 4 Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia on Settlement for Lend-​Lease, Reciprocal Aid, Surplus War Property, and Claims, signed at Washington and New

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies