, the rural idyll’ (Leapman, 2010).
Growing your own food has become a practice by those seeking something
better and different from their food, environment and society. Grassroots food
initiatives, such as community gardens and allotments, have long been recognised as spaces outside of, and challenging to, conventional political and
economic structures. Rather than relying on conventional economic exchange,
local resources are mobilised, labour is communal and materials are shared. In
the US and UK, increases in demand for urban food growing spaces have been
sustainable residential property taxes, were financed from the accrual
of development levies. Furthermore, the balanced spatial development advocated by the National Spatial Strategy (NSS) (Department of the Environment,
Heritage and Local Government, 2002) was consistently undermined by local
politicians, many of whom had a vested interest in the property market and
excessively zoned land for development (O’Toole, 2009). Within this taxation
and political system, there was a predilection for development.
Added to these factors was the involvement of the domestic banking
Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in
Late-Victorian London (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992).
4 Natalie Bloomer, ‘Manchester homelessness camp likely to shut after
protestors denied legal aid’, Politics website, 3 August 2015, available at
www.politics.co.uk/news/2015/08/03/manchester-homelessness-camplikely-to-shut-after-protestors (accessed 17 June 2020).
5 All names have been changed to protect identities.
6 Alex Rose and Bill Davies, Not Home: The Lives of Hidden Homeless Households
in Unsupported Temporary Accommodation in England
The bridge, the fund and insurance in Dar es Salaam
in an extensive political planning strategy, given that the city could now access by road a part of town that was relatively little developed, where once the utopian ‘Kigamboni New City’ (Lindell et al., 2016 ; Møldrup Wolff, forthcoming ) plans were rolled out, and where the largest oil terminal in the country sat. The bridge is, in the long run, supposed to connect to a large-scale roads initiative that would take much of the cargo from the harbour over the bridge (instead of through the city) and flow from the city to the regions and the neighbouring land
future changes to both climate and warfare. It remains to be seen
if the hibakujumoku ginkgoes will outlive the city. In a burgeoning
age of ethnonationalism and political extremism, they serve to
remind us of the very real risks and possibilities of our human age.
”’ rather than its wholeness as a
‘natural’ image’ of an object (Dorrian, 2013: 299). Unlike Wood, Dorrian sees
a significant difference between the cloud-swirled blue marbles of the Apollo
photographs and the cloudless, eternal day of mosaicked satellite imagery; he
argues that these patchwork worlds are a new kind of political map where differing resolutions and image upload frequencies speak more of Western political, security and economic interests, wherever they may lie, than they do of the
bounded territories of nation-states.
Alex Gekker, Sam Hind, Sybille Lammes, Chris Perkins, and Clancy Wilmott
places as against spaces. Places, in these stitchings,
become holders for memory, moments or rhythms, that might be recombined
in a reflective story of mapping with particular and unique resonances. To look
at these kinds of practices through a temporal lens does not so much obliterate
spatiality, but instead alters the analysis beyond modern conceptions, shifting
to a more hybrid understanding of tempo-spatial translations. There is nothing
inevitable about flow, and rich place-based analyses are needed to explore how
the politics of placeholding emerges in a
Ronfeldt (1998) have conceptualised the growing use by
political actors of CMC as being part of a ‘social netwar’. They describe how
actors can use CMC to target important nodes in networks (such as governments or multinationals) with a strength beyond their numerical capacity
and initiate information campaigns, or ‘hacktivism’, to highlight their
Electronic tactics and alternative media
causes. In response, they argue that CMC facilitates those who organise
non-hierarchically, and thus in order to be prepared for information warfare
they urge governments to adapt
Urban presence and uncertain futures in African cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
a case for the importance of consideration of the legacies of history and geography in shaping urban futures, it also raises the question of whether South African urbanisms should be seen as particular to or shared in common with the rest of the continent.
However, as the well-regarded political economist and postcolonial historian Mahmood Mamdani has argued in his award-winning book Citizen and subject , ‘there is a historical specificity to the mode of rule on the African continent’ (Mamdani, 1996 : 294). The city plays a generic role in
Why gardening has limited success growing inclusive communities
-Tanaka and Krasny, 2004), allowing projects to secure public
funding. But community-focused strategies have been criticised as inadequate
solutions to poverty and inequality, micro-scale action on macro-injustices.
If global political-economic processes cause injustice, situating solutions at
the community level cannot address its roots in state and capitalism (Amin,
2005). If community action has limited impact on problems not caused by
community-level processes, gardens may also have limited effects on injustice.
Critical perspectives on urban gardens question their