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Jean-François Caron

, of conducting vicious manhunts through jungles and swamps where snipers harassed us constantly and booby traps cut us down one by one. … At times, the comradeship that was the war's only redeeming quality caused some of the worst crimes – acts of retribution for friends who had been killed. Some men could not withstand the stress of guerrilla-fighting: the hair-trigger alertness constantly demanded of

in A theory of the super soldier
Abstract only
The 1940s
Neville Kirk

. 17 Moreover, the collectivism and comradeship necessary to win another ‘total’ war convinced Labourites that socialism was not only morally but also practically superior to free-market capitalism. Labour’s keynote socialism of the 1945 election was ‘derived from the lessons of war’, especially the need ‘to use controls and public ownership to plan the economy in the national interest’. Labour would introduce nationalisation, pragmatically and selectively as opposed to ideologically and uniformly, in order to

in Labour and the politics of Empire
Abstract only
Ireland’s referendum and the journey from Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft
Eugene O’Brien

Gemeinschaft in terms of the comradeship experienced by soldiers in war. Genuine community was formed only ‘when each individual bound himself to what is higher than either individual or community’ (Zimmerman 1990: 74), and the Irish State, as it was in its early years, placed the Catholic Church in this position. Much of this is commonplace knowledge; most cultural critics are aware of these changes. What has not really been discussed, however, are the structural effects of these changes on both Church and State in Ireland. Referring to our notion of fiction as a form of

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
The communist children’s movement
Thomas Linehan

‘other children to understand what the workers are fighting for’, wrote Effie Geddes, Britain’s Pioneers ‘meet and play games, learn sketches which they perform at workers’ meetings, learn Bolshie songs and read books’, while many Troops have ‘swimming, boxing and first aid classes’. Pioneer activities imparted a sense of an alternative life and set of values. ‘In all these things’, stressed Effie Geddes, ‘we work in co-operation with each other and learn what comradeship means’.101 Although the activities that the children engaged in usually had a serious

in Communism in Britain 1920–39
Jane Martin

overriding preoccupation with independent working-class education provided a glimmer of the extension of a concept of workers’ control that was designed to provide the rank and file with the experience of democracy. Notes 1 ‘Women and Politics’, Comradeship, November 1900, pp. 117–18. 2 Mrs Bridges Adams, ‘Education of working women’, Cotton Factory Times, 23 April 1913. 3 A. Gramsci quoted in: K. Worpole, ‘A ghostly pavement: the political implications of local working-class history’, in R. Samuel (ed.) People’s History and Socialist Theory (London, Boston and Henley

in Making socialists
Three lives of the chess-player in medieval and early-modern literature
John Sharples

Ibid., p. 34. Sinner, melancholic, and animal 35 22 Ibid. 23 See B. Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London: Verso, 1983), pp. 15–16, for a description of such an imagined community: imagined because its members never know, meet, or hear most of their fellow members, while feeling part of a group; limited because each community is restricted in size and based on knowledge of chess; sovereign because each is socially and intellectually distinct; and a community because of the inherent comradeship of each group

in A cultural history of chess-players
Gender adaptations in modern war films
Jeffrey Walsh

structural elements in the mainstream Hollywood war film: defeat, combat, victory and comradeship. 16 He might also have added to this list of core signifiers four others: leadership, forefathers, transformation and competitiveness. Significantly, one of these themes, defeat, is absent in Dwan’s Sands of Iwo Jima , which culminates in US marines raising the flag on Mount

in Gender and warfare in the twentieth century
More than just passing the time
Martin Atherton

. Anderson wrote ‘[the nation] is imagined as a community because… the nation is always conceived as a deep, horizontal comradeship’; the picture of the deaf community painted by the evidence of communal activity strongly suggests that ‘the deaf community’ could be substituted for ‘the nation’ in this quote and the sentiments would hold true.13 The philosophical concept of the deaf community has been as important to its members as its physical embodiment in the association known as ‘the deaf club’. It is here that the argument that the deaf club constitutes ‘home’ and its

in Deafness, community and culture in Britain
Fransjohan Pretorius

a sense of brotherliness between them, which meant that the agterryers were easily assimilated into the commandos. This comradeship was noted by both friend and foe. 65 There were various allegations from the British ranks that Africans on the Boer side had taken up arms. 66 What was the reaction of the Boers to these allegations? Of all the denials from Boer officers

in The South African War reappraised
A Conservative suffragette?
June Purvis

labour movement’s emphasis on class rather than gender issues, on a unified working class of comradeship between women and men, would always bedevil Christabel’s efforts to bring in a women’s suffrage measure. One year later, in the 1906 January general election, twenty-­nine Labour MPs were returned to Parliament and five of their number drew places for private members’ bills to be presented in the House of Commons. Although Keir Hardie, the leader of the ILP, wanted one of these bills to be devoted to women suffrage, the other Labour MPs decided instead to focus on

in Rethinking right-wing women