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Screening war in Kosovo and Chechnya
Cerwyn Moore

wars 73 Contemporary violence take place in the context of failing states. They are fought by networks of state and non-state actors, where battles are rare and violence is directed mainly against civilians, and which are characterized by a new type of political economy involving a combination of extremist politics and criminality.28 The label Mary Kaldor used to describe the conflict in Bosnia (1992–1995) – which was at once civil, but shaped by internal and external forces, warlordism and criminality – was ‘new wars’.29 According to Kaldor, these types of

in Contemporary violence
Open Access (free)
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
Louise Amoore

non-state actor in an increasingly interdependent world.1 In this way, from the 1970s, the firm has come to represent the primary vehicle of globalisation as it creates restructuring imperatives for states and societies alike (Stopford and Strange, 1991; Porter, 1990; Ohmae, 1990; Sklair, 2001). For many academics, policy-makers, business people, journalists and indeed workers, there is a sense in which understanding globalisation has become synonymous with understanding the actions of MNCs as they, in turn, react to productive and technological transformations. For

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

scholars to focus more systematically on non-state actors and international institutions, particularly powerful industry groups. Even though our three models differ in explanatory power and main focus, the third observation is that all three models are complementary in nature. Each has contributed something that the others have not. Even the CA model has provided unique insight into this case, in the sense of being particularly well suited for understanding how different corporations within the same branch interpret and perceive the outside world differently.2 The last

in Climate change and the oil industry
Open Access (free)
Television and the politics of British humanitarianism
Andrew Jones

. ’s recent journal introduction for an overview of major themes in the literature: K. O’Sullivan , M. Hilton and J. Fiori , ‘ Humanitarianisms in Context: Histories of Non-State Actors, from the Local to the Global ’, European Review of History , 23 : 1–2 ( 2016 ), pp. 1 – 15

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Aaron Edwards

Ireland. SF has gone further and articulated the case for the establishment of a ‘truth commission’ to uncover ‘information concealed by the authorities’.30 Perhaps the biggest flaw in this argument is the lack of any consideration as to how armed non-state actors might be invited to do the same. In classic republican discourse the conflict was reduced to essentially one between the British State and the IRA, with the role of internal republican internecine feuds, internal killings of suspected informers (including up to fifteen people who were ‘disappeared’, tortured

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain
Abstract only
Timothy J. White

reconcile communities in Northern Ireland. MLG emphasises the multi-level nature of EU politics and attaches significance to the role played by subnational units and supranational institutions in the policy process. The model also proposes new forms of governance which offers a specific conception of EU politics based on an altered relationship between state and non-state actors, where the latter have become increasingly influential. MLG is often associated with undermining or bypassing the role and power of the central state – a notion which is either politically

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
The Syrians in Armenia
Sossie Kasbarian

homecoming by refugees themselves and the state and non-state actors on the ground. The early wave of Syrians escaping the violence (from 2011) were in general better equipped, better prepared and better off than later arrivals. The wealthier Syrians set up home in Yerevan – although even here, some left or returned to Syria as they could not financially sustain themselves. The poorer ones were left little choice but to settle in Nagorny Karabakh, where they were given free housing and land to farm. Given the unresolved conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorny

in Aid to Armenia
Domestic politics, global linkages
Ian Taylor

rational and careful responses to the irresponsibility of the continent’s elites and the stress placed on SSA by global pressures. Problematically, many previous studies ignore such dynamics. Depending upon frameworks that are exclusively state-­centric in both their ontology and approach, such analyses fail to pay due attention to the critical roles played by non-­state actors in the continent’s international relations, particularly the international financial institutions, development and humanitarian NGOs and multinational/transnational corporations. Private (and

in The European Union in Africa
The Trade Justice Movement
Stephen R. Hurt

]. Anderson, M. (2009) ‘NGOs and Fair Trade: the social movement behind the label’, in N. Crowson, M. Hilton and J. McKay (eds), NGOs in Contemporary Britain: Non-state Actors in Society and Politics Since 1945 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), 222–41. BBC News (2002) ‘Trade lobby gets fair hearing’, BBC News , 19 June 2002, [accessed 24 October 2017]. Bebbington, A. J., Hickey, S. and Mitlin, D. C. (2008) ‘Introduction: can NGOs make a

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Abstract only
Claire Sutherland

are constructed and resisted by both state and non-state actors’ (Callahan 2006 , 12). Although today’s Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), to give it its full name, remains a one-party state, the terms ‘post-socialism’, ‘late socialism’ and ‘socialist market economy’ have variously been used to describe its opening up to foreign trade, aid and investment since the late 1980s. There has been little

in Soldered states