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Mark Webber

webs of inclusion and exclusion’. 3 This is an insight that applies as much to gangs as it does to political parties; to clans, citizenship and ethnic groups as much as military alliances and international organisations. What this book seeks to do is to consider one important aspect of the relationship between inclusion and exclusion, namely how it has been played out in the sphere of

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
British women in international politics
Heloise Brown

member, Alice Scatcherd, dissented from the proposal to form an international council and supported a national body only.15 Most histories of the ICW begin with this 1888 conference, although Leila Rupp acknowledges the importance of the 1882 meeting. Despite the fact that there was no active body in existence between 1882 and 1888, the longevity of the idea in the minds of Stanton, Anthony and Sewall is a testament to their commitment to the concept of international organisation.16 148 british women in international politics The ICW constitution, as decided by the

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Roger Mac Ginty and Paula Banerjee

5 Peace via social justice and/or security Roger Mac Ginty and Paula Banerjee Introduction There are, of course, multiple approaches used by states, international organisations and others to achieve and maintain peace. Prominent among the approaches are those that prioritise security, and there are also approaches that see social justice and development as a driver of more pacific ways of dealing with human problems. While it is possible to conceive of these approaches stretched along a continuum, with pure security approaches at one end and pure social justice

in Cultures of governance and peace
Eglantine Staunton

state actors who endorse the norms and make normative socialisation a part of their agenda” ( 1998 , 519). Once this process has taken place, states become norm entrepreneurs at the international level. They then need to secure the support of key international organisations, which Finnemore and Sikkink refer to as the institutionalisation of the emergent norm ( 1998 , 900) and define as “the way norms become embedded in international organisations and institutions” (Finnemore 1996a , 161). The existing literature has explored the emergence of

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
The Marshall Plan films about Greece
Katerina Loukopoulou

World War key players of the Movement moved on to projects and positions associated with newly formed international organisations and ‘universalist’ ideologies. For example, John Grierson became UNESCO’s Head of Communications (for a short spell), while Basil Wright and Paul Rotha directed and produced the UNESCO film World Without End (1953). In this context, Jennings’s move to make a film that

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Abstract only
Mary Venner

’ As soon as the UN Security Council resolution was passed, a succession of donor meetings and press conferences, and numerous World Bank, IMF and European Commission reports further developed the agenda for the post-conflict period. A High Level Steering Group on Kosovo Reconstruction, comprising Ministers of major donor countries and senior officials of the lead international organisations, met on 13

in Donors, technical assistance and public administration in Kosovo
Abstract only
Ana E. Juncos

fifty-five states and international organisations, was established in order to support the peace process in Bosnia. It was also decided to establish an executive body, the Steering Board, to provide the High Representative with political guidance in his/her mission. Later, and due to increasing obstruction from the local parties, the PIC Conference in Bonn in December 1997 strengthened the mandate of

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
Nikolai Vukov

during the First World War. In reports issued by international organisations the number of refugees in Bulgaria was variously put at between 200,000 and 600,000.38 One factor influencing the numbers game was the government’s wish to highlight the scale of the refugee crisis and to emphasise the economic and social burdens that it had to face. The most thorough calculations were made at the end of 1924 after a law was passed on agricultural employment, and in May 1926 when a representative of the League of Nations completed his inquiry and concluded that 175,192 people

in Europe on the move
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Prevention and control
James L. Newell

international level regimes can range from a treaty to govern states’ interactions in some limited area to the full panoply of rules surrounding the workings of an international organisation like the UN. In the field of ­corruption, the main regimes at the European level are: • GRECO: the Group of States against Corruption. GRECO was set up in 1999, thanks to a ‘partial agreement’9 of seventeen of the member states of the Council of Europe, and now includes all forty-seven members of the Council plus Belarus and the US. Its objective is to bring about improvement in the

in Corruption in contemporary politics
Abstract only
Timothy J. White

.1 Despite numerous and various studies, no collection of scholarly analysis to date has attempted to assess prominent theories of International Relations (IR) to the conflict in Northern Ireland, the peace process, and the challenges to consolidating peace after an agreement. IR scholars have recently focused on deception, border settlement and peace, the need to disarm combatants, the role of agents and ideas, gender, transnational social movements, the role of religions and religious institutions, the role of regional international organisations, private sector

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland