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Harry Blutstein

international organisation. During 1942, planning for the UN progressed steadily. On 29 May 1942, Roosevelt floated the idea of a two-­tier structure with the Soviet foreign minister, Vyacheslav Molotov. Acting as the ‘four policemen’, the US, USSR, Great Britain and possibly China would maintain sufficient armed force to curb aggression. Three days later, Stalin approved the proposal, which became, with some modifications, the basis of the Security Council.22 Having handed the task of planning the new international organisation to the State Department, Roosevelt was not

in The ascent of globalisation
Abstract only
Boyka Stefanova

alternative to the distributive effects of peace settlements (Mitchell 1991 ), and the capacity of international communication to redefine actors’ preferences within a cooperative multilateral framework (Deutsch et al . 1957 ; Jandt 1973 ). For most contemporary theories the conflict resolution effects of integration are unproblematic. The functionalist approach to international organisation explains the

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
Abstract only
Claire Sutherland

(Bache & Flinders 2005, 1; Milward 1994 ). Indeed, ASEAN is a prime example of an international organisation which exists to shore up member states’ internal sovereignty, since the ‘ASEAN way’ ensures non-interference in member states’ domestic affairs as well as heightened international status through the principle of strength in numbers. Multilevel governance also has the advantage of explicitly linking

in Soldered states
Abstract only
Simon Bulmer and Martin Burch

divergent goals of the European states was the Monnet method, set down most clearly in the May 1950 Schuman Plan. The guiding principle was that France and Germany would pool their coal and steel reserves, and their sovereignty over these resources, through a system of governance which would transcend the nation state. Other states were invited to join but the offer was only taken up by the Benelux states (Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg) and Italy. The British government was ill-disposed towards such forms of international organisation and, having recently

in The Europeanisation of Whitehall
Total infringement of citizenship

those of the Haitian Dominicans and Burmese Rohingya to postcolonial contexts. To analyse the acts of sovereignty, I examine how the citizenship acts and other relevant pieces of legislation have been constructed, as well as exploring the policy reports of international organisations (such as the UNHCR, the CoE, and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) that deal either with statelessness or with the position of minorities. Research on stateless Romani minorities in this area has already been done before (Cahn, 2012 ; Sardelić, 2015 ; Sigona, 2015

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Preempting disorder along the periphery
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

first and foremost put at the service of the European Union, then at the disposal of international organisations (UNO, NATO, OSCE), or ad hoc coalitions. It is meant as an integrated police tool, comprising police duties as a whole, and gathering information on all relating missions, such as maintaining public order, public safety, detective police, and intelligence research and work. As a transition

in EU security governance
Britain, 1940–43
Andrew Williams

needs might be satisfied as largely and justly as possible, while still leaving as wide a residue as possible for the free choice of the individual. This is fully as true in the international sphere. It is indeed the only way to combine as well as may be international organisation with national freedom.51 Later on, in 1942–43, Mitrany, in an echo of Cobban’s fears, pointed out to a Fabian Society meeting on post-war organisation that ‘national planning’ had had the potential to create a ‘nationalistic trend’ contrary to the international aspirations of the world

in Failed imagination?
Relationships and issues, 1941–45
Andrew Williams

. Subsequent chapters will look at some of the key themes that had emerged from the Versailles process and from the PWP of the Second World War as contentious issues between the Powers; in particular the question of international organisation, that of how economic considerations should play a role in the NWO and, finally, how far the principles of self-determination and human rights should be allowed to inform the norms and rules of an emerging international society. We need to examine Williams Chapter 5 142 23/10/98, 11:41 am 143 Joint Allied proposals for an NWO

in Failed imagination?
Obama’s legacy in US China Policy
Peter Gries

would be made to understand China’s peaceful intentions, to help ensure they resisted the temptation of working together to obstruct China’s rise. Multilateralism was one way in which China sought to reassure its Pacific neighbours. Having fought against a US-led United Nations force in Korea, Cold War China had long been hostile to international organisations. In the 1990s, however, China began a dramatic reversal, actively engaging ASEAN and other regional and international organisations. Were China’s neighbours reassured? Some were not, arguing that Deng Xiaoping

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Catherine Rhodes

Convention undertake to facilitate, and have the right to participate in, the fullest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the use of bacteriological (biological) agents and toxins for peaceful purposes. Parties to the Convention in a position to do so shall also cooperate in contributing individually or together with other States or international organisations to further development and application of scientific discoveries in the field of bacteriological (biological) for the prevention of disease, or for other

in The freedom of scientific research