: Studies in Ancient and Mediaeval Rhetoric , ed. Anne King and Helen North, Ithaca and London, 1970, pp. 93–104); William J. Courtenay, ‘The Bible in the Fourteenth Century: Some Observations’, Church History 54:2 (1985), 176–87; Pim Valkenberg, ‘Readers of Scripture and Hearers of the Word in the Mediaeval Church’, in The Bible and Its Readers , ed. Wim Beuken, Sean Freyne, and Anton Weiler, Concilium 233:1 (London, 1991), pp. 47–57. For the Bible in medieval literature: Nicholas Perkins, ‘Reading the Bible in Sawles Warde and AncreneWisse’, Medium Aevum 72
Ye goon to … Hereford? Regional devotion and England’s other St Thomas
(much anticipated) rightful glory: equal to and opposite St Thomas of Canterbury.
In discussing the eminent R.A. Dobson’s attempts to ascertain the provenance of the AncreneWisse [Guide for Anchoresses], an early Middle English text comparable to the Harley Lyrics in its semi-canonical standing and South-West Midlands orientation, Cannon observes that ‘the [specific] place Dobson proposed … matters much less than the degree to which he insisted on the importance of some place’. 89 Dobson’s ‘plumping for geographical precision at all costs’ turns out to have
‘Snail-horn perception’ in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde
, who discusses both Troilus’s and Criseyde’s first looks in
Gestures and Looks, pp. 127–33.
29 Stanbury, ‘The lover’s gaze’, p. 237.
30 See, for example, the discussion of Dinah, who was blamed for her
own rape because of her looking, in AncreneWisse, ed. Bella Millett,
EETS o.s. 325 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), part two,
31 C. M. Woolgar, The Senses in Late Medieval England (New Haven:
Yale University Press, 2006), p. 148.
32 Stephen Barney, ‘Explanatory notes’, in Chaucer, The Riverside
Chaucer, gen. ed. Benson, p. 1026.
Le Bone Florence of Rome and bourgeois self-making
in Medieval English Prose for Women from the Katherine Group and AncreneWisse, eds Bella Millett and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne (Oxford, 1990), pp.
2–41. My quotations are from this translation.
36 Ibid., p. 33.
37 Ibid., pp. 20–1.
38 For a brief and polemical account of medieval dualism, see Jacques le
Goff, ‘Body and ideology in the medieval West’, in his The Medieval
Imagination, trans. A. Goldhammer (Chicago and London, 1985), pp. 83–5.
39 See, e.g., Caroline Walker Bynum, ‘“And woman his humanity”: female
imagery in religious writings of the
well-known anchoritic rules (Aelred’s, and the AncreneWisse )
that also belong to approximately this period. But there is little evidence
for any concerted attempt to put hermits on a similarly well-ordered and
orderly footing before about 1400. Thereafter, however, things moved quickly
and, had Rolle been born a century later, his reception into the eremitic
life could have looked strikingly different.
Long associated with
79 Thomas, ‘Margaret of Teschen’s Czech prayer’; Thomas, Reading Women , p. 4.
80 Milner, ‘Sir Simon Felbrigg’.
81 Richardson, ‘A Bishop and his Diocese’, p. 60. For the background, see Gunn, AncreneWisse , pp. 91–138.
82 Kowaleski, ‘The French of England’, p. 115; Kowaleski, ‘French immigrants’, p. 213.
83 Curry, Bell, Chapman, King and Simpkin, ‘Languages in the military profession’, p. 75.
84 Alien Communities , pp. 50, 52
: ‘A letter on Virginity’, in Bella Millett and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne,
noblewomen and power
Medieval English Prose for Women: Selections from the Katherine Group and AncreneWisse (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), p. 7; these distinctions interlocked with
spiritual gradations based on virginity, marriage and widowhood (ibid., p. 21).
C. P. Lewis, ‘The formation of the honor of Chester, 1066–1100’, JCAS, 71 (1991),
J. H. Round, ‘King Stephen and the earl of Chester’, EHR, 10 (1895), 87
Women: Selections from the Katherine Group and AncreneWisse , ed. Bella Millett and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), pp. xi–xxxviii (p. xv). R. Howard Bloch surveys the most rigid interpretations of virginity in ‘Chaucer's Maiden's Head: “The Physician's Tale” and the Poetics of Virginity’, Representations 28 (1989), 113–34. Although I am primarily concerned with the implications of female chastity throughout this study, valuable work has also been undertaken in recent years on expectations surrounding, and interpretations of, male chastity and
Library, MS Laud Misc. 381: William L’Isle,
Aelfric, and the AncreneWisse ’, in The Recovery
of Old English , pp. 207–42.
See V. Skretkowicz, ‘Symbolic
Architecture in Sidney’s New Arcadia ’,
Review of English Studies , n.s., xxxiii ( 1982 ), 175
the field of Medieval Studies has come to be dominated by literary
scholars. It follows that although certain texts, for example The
Book of Margery Kempe, AncreneWisse , or even Chaucer’s
Wife of Bath, are well known and readily accessible, of other sources,
and particularly the rich variety of conventional historical sources,
only a limited range are generally known. 2 The purpose of this present collection is