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John McLeod

Ideology, interpellation, discourse In Chapter 1 we touched briefly upon some of the issues raised by the study of ‘colonial discourses’. Colonialism was often dependent upon the use of military force and physical coercion, but it could not function without the existence of a set of beliefs that are held to justify the (dis)possession and continuing occupation of other peoples’ lands. These beliefs are encoded in the language which the colonisers speak and to which the colonised peoples are subjected. This results in the circulation of a variety of

in Beginning postcolonialism (second edition)
Sibylle Scheipers

3 The legalistic discourse Almost all officials of the European states under consideration, the majority of legal experts and a large proportion of media commentators, both in Europe and the US, eventually engaged in the legalistic discourse. Legalism can be considered as taking a hegemonic position in the debates that surrounded the creation of the ICC and exerted a strong influence on the institutional design of the Court. NGOs had a vital impact on the rise of the legalistic discourse and on the consolidation of its hegemonic position. At the initial stages

in Negotiating sovereignty and human rights
Sibylle Scheipers

5 The sovereigntist discourse As with interventionism, the sovereigntist discourse is opposed to legalism and challenges the legitimacy of the ICC. However, whilst the main argument against the Court on the part of interventionists is that the Rome Statute exceeds the existing provisions of customary law, proponents of sovereigntism mainly charge the ICC with overriding state consent as the most central requirement for the validity and legitimacy of international legal institutions. More specifically, they disapprove of the reach of jurisdiction that the Rome

in Negotiating sovereignty and human rights
Sibylle Scheipers

4 The interventionist discourse The interventionist discourse denies that international law is an appropriate instrument to change the established international order. According to the interventionist perspective, international law is generally subordinate to politics. Thus, it may merely serve the purpose of maintaining the status quo in international relations. This is not to say that interventionists dismiss the significance of human rights as a central part of international law. Rather, they hold that legal bodies like the ICC do not further the global

in Negotiating sovereignty and human rights
Narratives of asylum nurses and attendants, 1910-22
Barbara Douglas

5 Discourses of dispute: narratives of asylum nurses and attendants, 1910–22 Barbara Douglas The early twentieth century was a period of strained labour relations. Within this broader framework, attendants and nurses were evolving their own organised challenge to prevailing asylum conditions. Although there were established grievances about long hours, onerous duties and poor pay, it was the combination of strictly enforced regulations and the penalty of instant dismissal that fuelled discourses of dispute in this period. While the influence of the First World

in Mental health nursing
Catherine J. Frieman

other words, although I believe that archaeological approaches to material culture and technology have great potential to enhance our understanding about the process of innovation and its place in human society, their relevance to studies of the contemporary world, to the population at large, and of course to non-archaeological research into innovation is rarely made clear. In this chapter, I present the idea of innovation, and how it developed and continues to develop in scholarly and public discourse. Interpretations of innovation and innovative behavior drawn

in An archaeology of innovation
The organisation of war-escalation in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990–91
Hannes Grandits and Carolin Leutloff

1 Discourses, actors, violence: the organisation of war-escalation in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990–91 1 Hannes Grandits and Carolin Leutloff Introduction  6  1990 the second and final round of the first free multi-party elections since the end of the Second World War were held in Croatia. At that time it was still a socialist republic within the Yugoslavian Federation. The results of the elections were quite surprising. It was expected that the former Communist Party would lose its absolute political predominance, but the decisive victory of the

in Potentials of disorder
Author: Judith Renner

This book offers a new and critical perspective on the global reconciliation technology by highlighting its contingent and highly political character as an authoritative practice of post-conflict peacebuilding. After retracing the emergence of the reconciliation discourse from South Africa to the global level, the book demonstrates how implementing reconciliation in post-conflict societies is a highly political practice which entails potentially undesirable consequences for the post-conflict societies to which it is deployed. Inquiring into the example of Sierra Leone, the book shows how the reconciliation discourse brings about the marginalization and neutralization of political claims and identities of local populations by producing these societies as being composed of the ‘victims’ and ‘perpetrators’ of past human rights violations which are first and foremost in need of reconciliation and healing.

Towards a critical turn?
Yongjin Zhang

– either characterized as that of ‘problem-solving’ or that of ‘political realism’ – established its own institutional life in the Asia-Pacific? In this chapter, I interrogate the above questions through an examination of recent security discourses in China, using ‘critical’ lenses provided by ‘two main streams’ of critical security studies identified

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Ahmad H. Sa’di

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/19/2013, SPi 1 The formation of a discourse The need for a discourse In the autumn of 1948, while the eventful war was drawing to an end, David Ben-Gurion, who led the organized Jewish community – the Yishuv – to what has been described until recently in the media and history books as a miraculous victory, began his moves for the next stage. At the personal level, he had to reaffirm his leadership through a popular vote. In the international arena, he had to manoeuvre for international recognition of Israel without making

in Thorough surveillance