diplomacy of Charlemagne and
of the Frankish nobles who sustained his power were noted down, year by
year, in the RoyalFrankishAnnals ( Annales Regni
Francorum ). 12 There is no evidence that Charlemagne ever sought
to influence the annals’ content, or to exploit the annals for
what would nowadays be termed ‘public relations’ purposes.
His biographer does not mention historical writing as among