been taken in the first Continuation of the Chronicle of Fredegar
which copied the Liber but cut out the praise for Childebert. 48 The image of weak
Merovingians and vigorously powerful Carolingians is further articulated
in the RoyalFrankishAnnals , and then it is given the flesh of
historical detail in the Annales Mettenses Priores . The image
culminates in the famous opening chapter of Einhard’s Vita
inspirational message of heroism, loyalty and love. 26
As Roberta Frank noted, 27 one of the few other examples of a refusal to
outlive one’s lord comes from a Carolingian source. The original
version of the RoyalFrankishAnnals for 782 reports a successful battle
in the Süntel Mountains. The revised version describes a Frankish
defeat, due to a premature and badly planned attack. Although some of
Manzano Moreno, E., Épocas medievales , Historia de España 2 (Barcelona: Crítica, 2015).
Mayr-Harting, H., The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England (London: Batsford, 1972).
McKitterick, R., ‘Constructing the past in the early Middle Ages: the case of the RoyalFrankishAnnals’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th series 7 (1999), 101–29.
Musset, L., The Germanic Invasions: The Making of Europe AD 400–600 , trans. E. James and C. James (London: Elek, 1975).
Nelson, J. L., ‘Queens as Jezebels: the careers of
. 12 At the very least, it is beyond doubt that in Córdoba three centuries or so of great prosperity and power followed the invasion, the political clout of the city and its rulers made clear in contemporary sources from further afield. According to the RoyalFrankishAnnals , for instance, a source that we have briefly encountered in Chapter 3 , by Janet Nelson, a diplomatic peace was settled between the Carolingians and the Umayyads around about 812, a sure sign of the grudging respect that existed between the two great powers of ninth-century Europe. 13 Indeed